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Technical Paper

Simulation Based Development of Quick Plastic Forming

A computer assisted development technique for Quick Plastic Forming parts [1] is described, based on the simulation program PAM-STAMP [2]. The technique allows thickness changes during forming to be accurately considered in the development process without physical trials. Process pressure cycles, which provide for maximal material formability, can be determined with a single simulation. The paper describes new program features, which reduce modeling effort and increase simulation accuracy. Various validation examples and industrial case studies are also presented, demonstrating current capabilities.
Technical Paper

Improved Simulation of Local Necks in Quick Plastic Forming

Two alternative finite element formulations are described which consider the influence of normal stress components on sheet deformations in Quick Plastic Forming [1]. The new formulations, single field bricks and multi-field shells, were implemented in the forming simulation program PAM-STAMP [2] using a non-linear viscoelastic constitutive relation [3,4]. Simulations of two industrial components indicate that both new elements simulate local necking more accurately than the standard shells which ignore normal stresses. The multi-field shells require slightly more calculation time than the standard shells and significantly less than equivalent brick models.