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Technical Paper

PCCI Operation with Fuel Injection Timing Set Close to TDC

In order to further reduce exhaust gas emissions, an investigation was carried out with premixed charge compression ignition (PCCI) combustion mode using conventional diesel fuel. Past research was carried out with early injection into shallow-dish piston bowl, combined with a narrow nozzle angle setting. Early injection significantly reduced NOX emissions, but some of the fuel spray adhered to the piston bowl surface creating a fuel wall-film which was a major cause in increasing soot, HC and CO emissions and fuel consumption [1]. As a possible solution to this issue, PCCI combustion mode operation on a direct injection diesel engine was investigated with fuel injection timing set close to top dead center (TDC). As a result, regardless of the fuel injection timing, increasing EGR reduced NOx emissions. In terms of fuel consumption, soot, HC and CO, however, fuel injection timing close to TDC was superior to earlier injection, due to the reduction in the fuel wall-film formation.
Technical Paper

PCCI Operation with Early Injection of Conventional Diesel Fuel

In order to further reduce exhaust gas emissions, an investigation was carried out concerning premixed charge compression ignition (PCCI) combustion, which is achieved by the early injection of conventional diesel fuel to the combustion chamber. The engine used for the experiments was a single cylinder version of a modern passenger car type common rail engine with a displacement of 550(cm3). An injector with a narrower corn angle was used to prevent interaction of the spray and the cylinder liner. Also, the compression ratio was decreased in order to avoid an excessively advanced ignition situation. Additionally, a large degree of cooled exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) was applied. These measures led to a significantly reduction in NOX emissions. However, a fuel wall-film, which was formed on the surface of the piston bowl wall, caused increases in soot, HC and CO emissions.