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Technical Paper

The Application of CAE in the Development of Air Suspension Beam

Every year the trucking industry demands lighter weight and lower cost truck components. But it is very difficult to achieve both these targets. This paper describes the example of a suspension system design which was conducted by computer simulation, so called CAE. The computer simulation by FEM was used completely to decide the detailed shape of each part. This paper also introduces a casting method to strengthen the aluminum alloy cast using high pressure during casting. By using this method, products have a precise metallographic structure. As a result, both the development cost and period were reduced by over the half the time required of the current system and lighter and strong parts were created.
Technical Paper

Influence of Scanning Conditions on Properties of Electron Beam Hardening

There are many methods for case hardening such as conventional induction hardening and newly developed electron beam hardening. Electron beam hardening has been adopted in Isuzu and the reliability of engines has been improved. The beam power of the electron beam hardening equipment used was 6 kW. Various conditions of electron beam were scanned across specimens (SCM435H) in order to investigate the influence on hardening properties. As a result, relation between case depth and beam current and relation between case depth and beam scanning time were confirmed. And when the depth exceeded 1 mm, there were cracks in surface melted area. Electron beam hardening was applied to tappets according to the above fundamental experiments, and uniformly hardened layers were obtained. Durability of engines with electron beam hardened tappets was improved twice as much as those with non-hardened tappets.
Technical Paper

Influence of Material and Mechanical Properties on Thermal Fatigue Life of Aluminum Castings

There is ever an increasing need for weight reduction and high performance of engine (clean smoke and improving fuel economy) To achieve this, recently aluminum castings are used for engine parts such as cylinder heads that construct combustion chamber and are required thermal resistance. This paper describes thermal fatigue tests of aluminum castings that are made under various conditions of cooling rate during solidification, heat treatment, and chemical compositions. It further investigates the influence of material (such as cooling rate, chemical conmposition and heat treatment) and mechanical properties (such as σB, δ, E ) on thermal fatigue life of aluminum castings.
Technical Paper

Increase in fatigue life of gears hardened by contour induction using double shot peening

Countour Induction Hardening (CIH) method is in the limelight as a new possible surface refining method for gears as it reduces quenching distortion considerably and increases compressive residual stress. Also, Double Shot Peening (DSP) method, especially its advanced technique of using extensively small shots (less than 100 m) at the secondary peening, enables increased compressive residual stress under the surface of the gears. Therefore, the new Compound Surface Refining Method of using CIH + DSP is expected to give much higher compressive residual stress than the conventional methods. On studying the application of this new method, the authors evaluated their surface-refining characteristics and the fatigue limits.