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Technical Paper

The Study of Wall Y+ of Incompressible Turbulent Flow Over High Lift Devices Using CutCell Meshing

2013-04-08
2013-01-1402
In this study three dimensional numerical simulations were carried out for steady incompressible flows around complex airfoil shapes. NACA-0012 and NACA-23012 wing with 20 percent-c Clark Y flap were used for this study. This work shows that the CutCell mesh method has the ability to generate high quality mesh which captures the details of the viscous boundary layer.
Technical Paper

Shape Optimization of Multi-Element Airfoil Using Morphing Deformation

2014-04-01
2014-01-0288
This work studies an optimization tool for 2D and 3D a multi-element airfoil which utilizes the power of CFD solver of a Shape Optimizer package to find the most optimal shape of multi-element airfoil as per designer's requirement. The optimization system coupled with Fluent increases the utilization and the importance of CFD solver. This work focuses on combining the high fidelity commercial CFD tools (Fluent) with numerical optimization techniques to morph high lift system. In this work strategy we performed morphing (grid deformation) directly inside the Fluent code without rebuilding geometry and the mesh with an external tool. Direct search method algorithms such as the Simplex, Compass, and Torczon are used; Navier-Stokes equations were solved for turbulent, incompressible flow using k-epsilon model and SIMPLE algorithm using the commercial code ANSYS Fluent.
Journal Article

Numerical Study of the Aerodynamic Characteristics of a Multi-Element Airfoil NACA 23012

2013-04-08
2013-01-1410
This work aims to numerically investigate the aerodynamic characteristics of a multi-element airfoil NACA 23012. The investigation was conducted through Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), using ANSYS FLUENT software. The Navier-Stokes equations were solved for turbulent, incompressible flow using k-epsilon model and SIMPLE algorithm. The study was carried out for both take-off / landing conditions and the results were compared to experimental data of the NACA 23012 from wind tunnel tests. The experimental and computational results for drag and lift coefficients match effectively up to pre-stall attack angles. The pressure coefficients, velocity distribution, and wall Y+ data were presented for different angles of attack (0 deg, 4 deg, and 8 deg). The CFD analysis could help acquire a closer and detailed understanding of airfoil performance, which is usually not easy through normal experimentation.
Technical Paper

Aerodynamic Shape Optimization for a 3-D Multi-Element Airfoil

2014-04-01
2014-01-0296
This paper discusses the uses of shape morphing/optimization in order to improve the lift to drag ratio for a typical 3D multi-element airfoil. A mesh morpher algorithm is used in conjunction with a direct search optimization algorithm in order to optimize the aerodynamics performance of a typical high-lift device. Navier-Stokes equations are solved for turbulent, steady-state, incompressible flow by using k-epsilon model and SIMPLE algorithm using the commercial code ANSYS Fluent. Detailed studies are done on take-off/landing flight conditions; the results show that the optimization is successful in improving the aerodynamic performance.
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