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Technical Paper

Diesel Fuel Injection Control for Optimum Driveability

Performance and refinement are key factors which influence the market acceptance of passenger cars, and consequently in the area of diesel fuel injection control there is increasing pressure for improved driveability. “Driveline shunt” is one important and problematic aspect of driveability, which is also known as “judder”, “chuggle” or “cab-nod”. It has been defined as an objectionable vehicle oscillation which takes place following a rapid throttle input or increase in engine load. This phenomenon is caused by driveline vibrations which can occur as a consequence of variations in engine torque demand. Mathematical modelling and experimentation techniques have been used to establish the behaviour of a fuel injection system, engine and vehicle driveline. Vehicle tests have been conducted in order to relate objective metrics and subjective opinion.
Technical Paper

Application of Loop Shaping H-infinity Control to Diesel Engine Anti-Oscillation Strategy

The control of fuel delivery to minimize drivetrain oscillations is a major benefit to vehicle refinement and driveability. This paper describes the application of robust H-infinity loop-shaping control to the speed-fuel control loop. A one-degree-of-freedom controller structure (feedback only) is examined and applied to a small passenger car. Using careful implementation, the control algorithm is of low order and efficient requiring only limited microprocessor resources. The robust controller gives excellent performance when operated synchronously to engine rotation, where the dynamics become speed-dependent. Alternatively it can be operated satisfactorily at a fixed sample rate, asynchronous to engine rotation. The design is found to be eminently suitable for production.