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Technical Paper

Vinyl Ester Based SMC Material for Automotive Oil Sump Application

This paper describes vinyl ester based SMC (Sheet molding composite) material for oil sump part in automotive application. This sheet moulding composite is a ready to mould glass-fibre reinforced vinyl ester material primarily used in compression moulding process. This vinyl ester resin is compounded with glass fibre to meet the product functional requirements. Oil sump is a structural component under bonnet that forms the bottommost part of the crankcase and also contain the engine oil before and after it has been circulated through the engine. Generally, metals are preferred material for this application. In this paper, fibre filled vinyl ester based thermoset resin (SMC) material has been explored for oil sump application. They possess excellent properties in terms of tensile strength, modulus, impact strength, dimensional stability, high/low temperature resistance and oil resistance.
Technical Paper

Methodology to Quantitatively Evaluate the Secondary Ride Characteristics of a Vehicle

The Ride Comfort has always been an important attribute of a vehicle that gets trade-off with handling characteristics of a vehicle. However, to cater the growing customer requirements for better ride comfort in a vehicle without compromising on other attributes, evaluating and achieving optimal ride comfort has become a significant process in the vehicle development. In the current engineering capability and virtual engineering simulations, creating an accurate and real time model to predict ride comfort of a vehicle is a challenging task. The qualitative evaluation of ride attributes has always been the proven conventional method to finalize the requirements of a vehicle. However, quantitative evaluation of vehicle ride characteristics benefits in terms of target setting during vehicle development process and in robust validation of the final intended product against its specifications.
Technical Paper


In this paper, mold in color diamond white ASA material has been explored for front bumper grill, fender arch extension and hinge cover applications. Other than aesthetic requirements, these parts have precise fitment requirement under sun load condition in real world usage profile. Structural durability of the design was validated by virtual engineering. Part design and material combinations with better tooling design iterations were analysed by using mold flow analysis. Complete product performances were validated for predefined key test metrics such as structural durability, thermal aging, cold impact, scratch resistance, and weathering criteria. This part met required specification. This mold in color ASA material-based parts has various benefits such as environmentally friendly manufacturing by eliminating environmental issues of coating, easily recycled, and faster part production because intended color achieved in one step during molding.
Technical Paper

Low Rolling Resistance Tires and Their Impact on Electric Vehicles

This paper details the methodology used to show the importance of Low rolling resistance tires in Electric Vehicles. Fuel efficiency and range is paramount with most of the electric vehicle buyers. Although many people are now becoming aware of low rolling resistance tires but its development started way back in 1990’s. It is always challenging to achieve low rolling resistance in smaller tires of size 12 inch or 13 inch along meeting the other critical vehicle parameters such as ride and handling, NVH, durability and many more. The reduction in rolling resistance can also affect the traction properties of tires. In case of very low rolling resistance tires the traction will be very less but it can badly affect the other vehicle parameters. Selection of tires further depend upon the RWUP (Real World Usage Profile). It means the vehicle is targeted for which region and what is the condition of roads there.
Technical Paper

High Performance EGR Cooler Selection and its Fouling Behavior for a HSDI Diesel Engine

Selection of EGR system is very complex for a particular engine application. The performance of the EGR system depends highly on the Cooler Heat Transfer Efficiency. Cooler effectiveness drops over a period of operation due to soot deposition, HC condensation, and fuel quality. This phenomenon is called as Cooler Fouling. Fouling cannot be avoided completely but the level of performance drop over time has to be studied and minimized. The minimum pressure drop and the highest efficiency in fouled condition is the target for selection of a cooler. In this study, various parameter combinations like tube shape and profile, tube length, number of tubes, tube diameter, and pitch of corrugations, which influence the cooler performance were tested. A better understanding of each of its effect on cooler effectiveness and fouling behavior was obtained. The tube shape was changed from rectangular to circular, also from smooth surface to corrugate.
Technical Paper

High Durable PU Metallic Monocoat system for tractor sheet metal application.

In sheet metal painting for various applications like Tractor, Automobile, most attractive coating is metallic paints and it is widely applied using 3 coats 2 bake or 3 coat 1 bake technology. Both options, results in high energy consumption, higher production throughput time & lower productivity in manufacturing process. During various brainstorming & sustainable initiatives, paint application process was identified for alternative thinking to reduce burden on environment & save energy. Various other industry benchmarking & field performance requirement studies helped us identify the critical to quality parameters. We worked jointly with supplier to develop mono-coat system without compromising the performance & aesthetical properties. This results in achieving better productivity, elimination of two paint layers, substantial reduction in volatile organic content, elimination of one baking cycle and energy saving.
Technical Paper

Development of a Graphical User Interface (GUI) Based Tool for Vehicle Dynamics Evaluation

Title Development of a Graphical User Interface (GUI) Based Tool for Vehicle Dynamics Evaluation Authors Mr. Shubham Kedia, Dr. Divyanshu Joshi, Dr. Muthiah Saravanan Mahindra Research Valley, Mahindra & Mahindra, Chennai Objective Objective metrics for evaluation of major vehicle dynamics performance attributes i.e. ride, handling and steering are required to compare, validate and optimize dynamic behavior of vehicles. Some of these objective metrics are recommended and defined by ISO and SAE, which involve data processing, statistical analysis and complex mathematical operations on acquired data, through simulations or experimental testing. Due to the complexity of operations and volume of data, evaluation is often time consuming and tedious. Process automation using existing tools such as MS Excel, nCode, Siemens LMS, etc. includes several limitations and challenges, which make it cumbersome to implement.
Technical Paper

Automotive Synchronizer with Asymetric Toothing

In automotive Transmission especially in Manual shift Transmission, a mechanism is provided for smooth and quick shifting of gears known as Synchronizer. A synchronizer mechanism having a Sliding shift sleeve, synchronizer ring, clutch body and clutch body ring as the main components to shift the gears smoothly. A synchronizer ring and Clutch body ring having outer tooth with inclined faces i.e. chamfer on their end facing towards gear shift sleeve, having inclination faces to mesh with the same inclined faces of blocker ring and clutch body ring for smooth shifting with less effort. Generally in cold environment certain forces are acting inside the Transmission to reduce the speed of rotating elements, these force are called drag forces. Mostly these drag force are generated due to high viscosity of transmission oil and large Inertia of masses of rotating elements, bearings and oil seals friction etc..
Technical Paper

A Study on the Effect of Steering Input Frequency on Transient Lateral Dynamics of Four-Wheeled Passenger Vehicles

Vehicle lateral dynamic response parameters such as yaw velocity, lateral acceleration, roll angle, etc. depend on the nature of steering input. Response parameters vary with the amplitude and frequency of steering input. This paper deals with developing insights into the effect of steering input frequency on transient handling dynamics. For the purpose two SUV segment vehicles with similar curb weight are considered. Vehicles are given pulse inputs of the amplitudes corresponding to 4 m/s2 steady state lateral acceleration and target speeds of 80 kmph and 100 kmph, as recommended in ISO 7401:2011. Steering inputs are executed using a Steering Robot (ABD SR30). Lateral transient dynamic response gains as well as natural frequencies of yaw are studied for 0-2 Hz input frequencies. Several insights are developed, adding to the understanding of transient lateral dynamics and its relationship with steering input.