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Technical Paper

Study on Vehicle Spin Tendency during Braking on Differential mu Surfaces in Four Wheeled Automobile Vehicle

A four-wheeled automobile during braking event in which left and right wheels of the vehicle are on different mu surfaces, has high chances of experiencing spin, which may lead to stability issues on vehicle. This paper intends to provide a mathematical approach to predict the deceleration at which vehicle will spin during braking in a differential mu surface, and determine the effect of influencing parameters on the extent of the vehicle spin tendency. This paper also provides a correlation between theoretical vs actual decelerations for vehicles to exhibit vehicle spin tendency. This paper helps in providing sufficient aid/tool for system designer to predetermine the vehicle spin at early level of system designs and make necessary amendments at initial stage of prototype development rather than late changes, to create a product which gives safe driving experience.
Technical Paper

Prediction of Oil Flow inside Tractor Transmission for Splash Type Lubrication

This study introduces a method to examine the flow path of the lubricant inside a transmission housing of a tractor. A typical gearbox has several loads bearing elements which are in relative sliding motion to each other which causes heat to be released. The major sources of friction as well as heat are the meshing teeth between gears (sun/planet, planet/ring & power/range drive gear), thrust washers, thrust bearings and needle roller bearings. The churning of oil performs the vital function of both lubricating these sliding interfaces and cooling these sources of heat, thereby preventing failure of the gearbox. In this paper, we have applied VOF multiphase flow model and sliding meshing to simulate the fluid flow during splashed lubrication within a mating gear box. Lubrication oil dynamics and oil surface interaction with the air is modeled using VOF multiphase approach.
Technical Paper

Multi-Objective Optimization to Improve SUV Ride Performances Using MSC.ADAMS and Mode Frontier

Ride is an important attribute which must be accounted in the passenger segment vehicles. Excessive H point acceleration, Steering wheel acceleration, Pitch acceleration can reduce the comfort of the driver and the passengers during high frequency and low frequency rough road events. Excessive Understeer gradient, roll gradient, roll acceleration and Sprung mass lift could affect the Vehicle driver interaction during Steady state cornering, Braking and Step steer events. The concept architecture of the vehicle plays an important role in how comfort the vehicle will be. This paper discusses how to improve SUV ride performances by keeping handling performance attributes same or better than base vehicle. Multi Objective Optimization was carried out by keeping spring, bushing and damper characteristic as the design variables to avoid new system or component development time and cost.
Technical Paper

Methodology to Recognize Vehicle Loading Condition - An Indirect Method Using Telematics and Machine Learning

Connected vehicles technology is experiencing a boom across the globe. Vehicle manufacturers have started using telematics devices which leverage mobile connectivity to pool the data. Though the primary purpose of the telematics devices is location tracking, the additional vehicle information gathered through the devices can bring in much more insights about the vehicles and its working condition. Cloud computing is one of the major enabled for connected vehicles and its data-driven solutions. On the other hand, machine learning and data analytics enable a rich customer experience understanding different inferences from the available data. From a fleet owner perspective, the revenue and the maintenance costs are directly related to the usage conditions of the vehicle. Usage information like load condition could help in efficient vehicle planning, drive mode selection and proactive maintenance [1].
Technical Paper

Development of a Graphical User Interface (GUI) Based Tool for Vehicle Dynamics Evaluation

Title Development of a Graphical User Interface (GUI) Based Tool for Vehicle Dynamics Evaluation Authors Mr. Shubham Kedia, Dr. Divyanshu Joshi, Dr. Muthiah Saravanan Mahindra Research Valley, Mahindra & Mahindra, Chennai Objective Objective metrics for evaluation of major vehicle dynamics performance attributes i.e. ride, handling and steering are required to compare, validate and optimize dynamic behavior of vehicles. Some of these objective metrics are recommended and defined by ISO and SAE, which involve data processing, statistical analysis and complex mathematical operations on acquired data, through simulations or experimental testing. Due to the complexity of operations and volume of data, evaluation is often time consuming and tedious. Process automation using existing tools such as MS Excel, nCode, Siemens LMS, etc. includes several limitations and challenges, which make it cumbersome to implement.
Technical Paper

Crevice Corrosion of Aluminium and It’s Prevention in Automobile Coolant Circuit

This paper deals with the study of the phenomenon of crevice corrosion of aluminium by using an example of a corrosion failure of a joint in the automobile coolant circuit. A number of joint failures were studied to understand the corrosion pattern and for various metallurgical aspects like chemistry, hardness and microstructure. The corrosion products were analyzed using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDS). This analysis indicated that the corrosion products mostly contained Aluminium Oxides with other contaminants like chlorides. The studies revealed that the clamped joint of the aluminium part and rubber hose led to the formation of a crevice with the engine coolant acting as the corrosive medium. The corrosion behavior at the location was affected by environmental factors like temperature, pH and chloride contamination.
Technical Paper

A Study on the Effect of Steering Input Frequency on Transient Lateral Dynamics of Four-Wheeled Passenger Vehicles

Vehicle lateral dynamic response parameters such as yaw velocity, lateral acceleration, roll angle, etc. depend on the nature of steering input. Response parameters vary with the amplitude and frequency of steering input. This paper deals with developing insights into the effect of steering input frequency on transient handling dynamics. For the purpose two SUV segment vehicles with similar curb weight are considered. Vehicles are given pulse inputs of the amplitudes corresponding to 4 m/s2 steady state lateral acceleration and target speeds of 80 kmph and 100 kmph, as recommended in ISO 7401:2011. Steering inputs are executed using a Steering Robot (ABD SR30). Lateral transient dynamic response gains as well as natural frequencies of yaw are studied for 0-2 Hz input frequencies. Several insights are developed, adding to the understanding of transient lateral dynamics and its relationship with steering input.