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Technical Paper

The Effects of Exhaust Gas Recirculation and Residual Gas on Engine Emissions and Fuel Economy

Three exhaust emissions, hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and oxides of nitrogen, from the automotive spark-ignition engines are presently subject to regulatory control. Of these harmful pollutants, NOx emissions are the hardest to control under current status of emission control technology. Accordingly, exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) has been receiving continued efforts as one of promising NOx control. This paper reports the effects of EGR on the mechanism of NOx reduction and engine fuel economy, on the basis of research made in the following areas: (1). NOx formation in a combustion vessel. (2). Studies on EGR effects in a single-cylinder engine. (3). Effects of EGR on NOx and HC emissions and fuel economy.