Refine Your Search

Search Results

Viewing 1 to 12 of 12
Technical Paper

Wear and Leakage in Seal Ring Design

A seal ring of PEEK material was developed and shown to withstand high pressure and high shaft velocity. This was made possible by cooling the ring material using leakage through an engineered passage at the cut junction. The cooling effect of leakage rate was modeled thermodynamically, and calculated leakage rates were compared to measured results.
Technical Paper

Simulation Test Method for Deterioration of Engine Crankshaft Oil Seals

This paper introduces a new simulation test method by using IR analysis which is capable of evaluating the rate of deterioration of VMQ (Silicone) rubber material applied in engine crankshaft seal applications. IR analysis is used to measure the rate of change of the Si-C/Si-0 ratio which indicates the level of deterioration of VMQ material from the hydrolysis of the siloxane bond. Applying the new analysis method, laboratory test conditions could be improved to more closely simulate field conditions.
Technical Paper

Sealing Reliability System on Oil Seals

Through the market experience and information analysis, the importance of Sealing Reliability Activity, especially at the beginning step of determining temporary design specification of oil seal and at the step of evaluation of prototype seals produced according to the temporary design specifications, is discussed.
Technical Paper

Evaluation on High-Perssure Hydrogen Decompression Failure of Rubber O-ring Using Design of Experiments

To create a society based on hydrogen energy in the near future, it is necessary to clarify the influence of hydrogen on the mechanical, physical and chemical properties of the materials used for hydrogen energy systems. The rubber O-rings used in the high-pressure sometimes suffer from the decrease in durability due to decompression failure, which is influenced by several factors. From this viewpoint, sensitive factors for the durability of rubber O-rings were evaluated by using a L18 orthogonal array. A high-pressure durability tester, which enables the rubber O-rings to expose repeatedly high-pressure hydrogen gas at arbitrary test conditions, was employed.
Technical Paper

Durability Upgrading and Frictional Torque Lowering of the Seal Ring Used for Automatic Transmissions

In the seal ring used for the rotating portion of the automatic transmission, we have developed a seal ring in which the wear of the ring is reduced to 1/10 under PV-value of 12MPa · m/s and equivalent at PV-value of 30MPa·m/s and also the frictional torque of the rotating portion is reduced to 1/2 when compared with the conventional PTFE seal ring. This has been achieved by means of improvement of the oil pocket's shape, size, and the distance between oil pockets equally spaced on the side surface of the seal ring.
Technical Paper

Development of Soft TPEE CVJ Boot

Regarding the polyester thermoplastic Elastomer (TPEE) boot used in a Constant Velocity joint(CVJ), it is effective to adopt soft and low frictional coefficient (μ) TPEE material which achieves compact size, low frictional noise and easy assembling. However, in the conventional low hardness TPEE, both grease resistance and heat resistance deteriorate, so it was necessary to improve the structure of TPEE polymers. We developed the new soft TPEE CVJ boot, focusing on the improvement method of TPEE polymers and design factors to achieve the compact and low frictional noise boot.
Technical Paper

Development of Bonded Piston Seals

Transmission manufactures have been required of performance improvement and miniaturization for the AT (automatic transmission) or CVT (continuously variable transmission) unit from car manufactures. Current unit is composed of Aluminum piston, O-ring (or D-ring) and drift ball. We changed design from O-ring to lip type seal and aluminum piston to high strength steel plate piston in order to miniaturize. On the other hand, we changed drift ball to canceler in order to make faster response. At this time, we selected new lip design and developed high tensile strength ACM to keep as same oil pressure resistance and durability as current O-ring. In addition, we could have lower friction with new design of lip shape.
Technical Paper

A Study on the Diaphragm Used for an Accumulator Regarding its Behavior in Low Temperature Conditions

In a diaphragm used for an accumulator, the relationship between design factors and durability in low temperature is discussed from the occurrence of buckling phenomenon through the observation results. The durability of the diaphragm which has a sandwich structure of rubber and resin films, is greatly influenced by the buckling phenomenon which occurs during deformation of the diaphragm when used for an accumulator in low temperature condition.
Journal Article

A Study on a Visualization of Fatigue Behavior near the Glass Transition Region

This study aimed to visualize crack initiation and propagation of rubber at low temperatures. Typical fatigue behavior such as cracking at only the compressed part of rubber products like dustcovers during oscillation tests at ultra-low temperatures have been reported [1]. Rubber products are usually used at temperatures where good rubber elasticity can be obtained. However, in some cases, they are used near glass transition temperatures at which rubber elasticity is poor. Fatigue failures of rubbers generally occur due to existing defects in the rubber material, and rubber tends to fracture easily near glass transition temperatures due to cracking on the surface of the compressed side of the rubber. The observation of the crack initiation process of rubber is difficult at low temperatures because the fracture patterns on rubber disappear when elasticity is recovered at room temperature.
Technical Paper

A Study of Wearing Phenomena of D-Ring Used for Automatic Transmission

Wear of a seal is greatly dependent on the environmental conditions such as the temperature, the speed, the lubrication condition and the design factors such as the total contact load and the contact width of the seal lip. In this presentation, the authors discuss the phenomenon of abnormal wear of the reciprocating seal for an automatic transmission by investigating from a lubrication theory viewpoint. An improved seal usable in severe conditions was developed as a result of this study and is also explained.
Technical Paper

A Study of Durability of Sealing Bellows Boots for Constant-Velocity Joints

Upgrading of the performance and the durability of bellow boots used to seal constant-velocity joints are essential to seet the demand for higher performance and longer life automobiles. In this discussion about bellows boots for sealing constant-velocity joints, examples and analysis results of bench tests for studying wear and fatigue durability are presented.
Technical Paper

A Study of Diaphragm Durability

The characteristics of the elastomer material and the fiber cloth reinforcing material have been analyzed as related to diaphragm durability. Investigated were diaphragms used for waste gate actuators for controlling the boost pressure of turbochargers. In this presentation, the authors verify the importance of the elastomer material fatigue resistance under high temperatures and the elongation properties, including directional properties of the fiber cloth reinforcing material for the durability of the diaphragms.