Using Advanced Injection Timing and EGR to Improve DI Diesel Engine Efficiency at Acceptable NO and Soot Levels
The direct injection diesel engine is one of the most efficient thermal engines known to man. For this reason DI diesel engines are widely used for heavy-duty applications and especially for the propulsion of trucks. Even though the efficiency of these engines is currently at a high level there still exist possibilities for further improvement. One way to accomplish this is by increasing the injection timing which usually improves, depending on the operating conditions, the indicated efficiency of the engine. On the other hand advanced injection timing has a negative effect on peak pressure causing a serious increase of its value, a negative effect on NO emissions which are also seriously increased and a positive effect on Soot emissions which are reduced. In the present work a theoretical and experimental investigation is presented to determine the effect of more advanced injection timing on engine performance and pollutant emissions.