Risk Assessment of Fuel Property Variability Using Quasi-Random Sampling/Design of Experiments Methodologies
Increases in on-board heat generation in modern military aircraft have led to a reliance on thermal management techniques using fuel as a primary heat sink. However, recent studies have found that fuel properties, such as specific heat, can vary greatly between batches, affecting the amount of heat delivered to the fuel. With modern aircraft systems utilizing the majority of available heat sink capacity, an improved understanding of the effects of fuel property variability on overall system response is important. One way to determine whether property variability inside a thermal system causes failure is to perform uncertainty analyses on fuel thermophysical properties and compare results to a risk assessment metric. A sensitivity analysis can be performed on any properties that cause inherent system variability to determine which properties contribute the most significant impact.