Fuel Injection Pressure Effects on the Cold Start Performance of a GDI Engine
The effects of reduced fuel injection pressure on the cold start performance of a GDI engine have been studied in a single-cylinder, optically-accessible research engine. Two Delphi Automotive Systems DI-G injectors, with included spray cone angles of 60° and 80° respectively, were studied. Both injectors are designed to operate at a nominal fuel line pressure of 10 MPa. For the study they were operated at several fuel feed pressures between 10 MPa and 2 MPa. Two start of injection timings (50° and 100° ATDC) were examined. Cold start performance was characterized by measurements of the GIMEP, COV of GIMEP, and total engine out UHCs. Simultaneous Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence (PLIF) and Mie Scattering images of the fuel spray were used to observe spray penetration, mixing, and in-cylinder fuel distribution throughout the intake and compression strokes. Ultimately these images were used to explain observed performance differences.