The Characteristics of Scavenging Flow in a Poppet-Valve Type 2-Stroke Diesel Engine by Using RSSV System
Optimization study is performed for the scavenging process as the first step for the development of a poppet-valve type automotive two-stroke diesel engine. The scavenging flow pattern is varied by the RSSV (rotatable shrouded scavenging valve) system, which was designed for application of a shroud valve to an actual engine. The scavenging flow is analyzed by flow visualization and numerical calculations under a steady condition. Water is used as the working fluid, instead of air for effective visualization of the flow pattern in the flow visualization study. More details in the scavenging characteristics are observed by a dye experiment, in which the dye path indicates the flow streamline in the cylinder. In the numerical study, three-dimensional flows are calculated by a modified version of KIVA-2 code, with a special technique to consider the valve and shroud shapes.