Refine Your Search

Search Results

Viewing 1 to 9 of 9
Technical Paper

Steering Feedback Torque Definition and Generation in a Steer by Wire System

Steer by wire (SbW) system is examined, considering the positive effects of the lack of direct mechanical connection between steering wheel and rack. SbW system's steering wheel has to generate a resistant torque which adds to the friction one. Such torque must be felt as natural by the average driver and carry information about vehicle dynamic condition. System prototype is obtained from a classical steering system. Steering wheel is linked to a brushless 12V DC current electric motor designed to develop resistance torque, after steering column is removed, triple stadium planetary gear is necessary to increase the torque output. A hardware in the loop test bench is realized in order to test feedback torque generation and steering wheel efficiency influence on vehicle behaviour. Steering wheel is fixed to the bench and its rotation acquired by an optic encoder. Steering wheel angle is used as input for a ten degrees of freedom vehicle model through an acquisition data board.
Technical Paper

Shock Absorber Modeling and Experimental Testing

Simulation is becoming the fundamental tool to design the main components of a vehicle. The paper describes the shock absorber model which was implemented by the Vehicle Dynamics Research Team of Politecnico di Torino. It is a modular model which can be adopted both for mono-tube and twin-tube shock absorbers. It can be used at different levels of approximation, as a function of the kind of user and his/her targets. The main data which have to be inserted in the model are fluid properties, the basic dimensions of the component and the characteristics of the orifices of the shock absorber. An experimental test bench was conceived to obtain the diagrams plotting flow rate through an orifice of a shock absorber versus the pressure drop between input and output ports. The test rig and the procedure to perform the experimental tests and insert the results in the shock absorber model are described in detail.
Technical Paper

Linear Approach to ESP Control Logic Design

An Electronic Stability Program (ESP) control logic is designed. It is devoted to stabilize vehicle during cornering maneuvers. The aim of the activity is to obtain a feed forward (FF) control structure, capable of better performance than a previously developed closed loop one. The efficiency of ESP intervention is determined observing yaw rate peak reduction and oscillation damping time during step steer maneuver, together with vehicle side slip angle containment and longitudinal speed loss. A single track vehicle model is used to obtain two transfer functions describing vehicle and active system behavior. A third transfer function is derived from active vehicle frequency response that is the designer's target. The interaction between the transfer functions permits to design a feed forward control logic, which is then merged in a closed loop control structure in order to ensure fail safe conditions and control robustness.
Technical Paper

Hardware-In-the-Loop Testing of Automotive Control Systems

The paper deals with the methodology implemented by Magneti Marelli and Politecnico di Torino Vehicle Dynamics Research group to develop and verify the software of active chassis and powertrain control systems through a Hardware-In-the-Loop automated procedure. It is a general procedure which can be adopted for all the active chassis control systems, not only for their development but also for the verification of their reliability. The steps of the procedure are described in the first part of the paper. The specific application on which this paper is focused concerns robotized gearboxes.
Technical Paper

Experimental Test of Vehicle Longitudinal Velocity and Road Frictim Estimation for ABS System

Antilock Braking System (ABS) is designed to prevent wheels from locking, in order to enhance vehicle directional stability during braking manoeuvres. Basically, ABS closed-loop control logic uses tyres slip as control variable. Slip is estimated by comparing vehicle reference speed with the angular speed of each wheel. Thus it is crucial to correctly estimate the longitudinal vehicle speed, in order to get a control system capable of good performance. The control is also affected by road condition; since vehicles are not equipped with sensors able to measure the tyre/road friction coefficient, an other estimation has to be performed. The paper presents an algorithm for the estimation of longitudinal speed, based on the measurements of the four wheel angular speed. A method to assess the road friction, commonly known as “learning phase” is also described: it is carried out during the early stage of the active control intervention and relies on the wheel rotation sensors as well.
Technical Paper

Base Model Simulator (BMS) - A Vehicle Dynamics Model to Evaluate Chassis Control Systems Performance

Chassis Control Systems development methodology is nowadays strongly based on analyzing performance by using PC vehicle dynamics simulation. Generally, the overall design, test bench and road validation process is continuously accompanied by simulation. The Base Model Simulator was developed by the Vehicle Dynamics Group at the Department of Mechanics of Politecnico di Torino both to satisfy this requirement and for educational purposes. It considers a complete vehicle dynamics mathematical model, including driver, powertrain, driveline, vehicle body, suspensions, steering system, brakes, tires. The Base Model Simulator takes in account the suspensions system elastokinematics, including, for example, automatic computation of camber variation during the vehicle roll motions. Tire model considered are either Pacejka's models or experimental data.
Technical Paper

An Objective Evaluation of the Comfort During the Gear Change Process

This paper presents the methodology adopted by Politecnico di Torino Vehicle Dynamics Research Team to obtain objective indices for the evaluation of the comfort during the gear change process. Some test drivers and different passengers traveled on a test vehicle and assigned marks on the basis of their subjective feeling of comfort during the gearshifts. The comparison between the most significant subjective evaluations and the experimental values obtained by the instruments located on the vehicle is presented. As a consequence, some indices (based on physical parameters) to evaluate the efficiency and the comfort of the gearshift process are obtained. They are in good agreement with the subjective evaluations of the drivers and the passengers. The second part of the paper presents a driveline and vehicle model which was conceived to reproduce the phenomena experimented on the vehicle. The experimental validation of the model is presented.
Technical Paper

An Innovative Control Logic for a Four Wheel Steer Vehicle – Part 2: Simulation and Road Test

A four wheel steer control logic is described. A first control logic release, obtained during previous research activity, is based only on feed forward (F.F.) but is here upgraded merging closed loop control (C.L.). Integration between F.F. and C.L. is described. Rear steering electromechanical actuator frequency response is analyzed, in order to consider its not ideal behaviour during control logic design. Several simulation are performed to qualitatively evaluate the error committed considering an ideal actuator during the control logic design. Specific manoeuvres are chosen to investigate about active system influence on vehicle handling; a 14 degrees of freedom vehicle model is validated in order to compare simulation results with experimental data.
Technical Paper

An Innovative Control Logic for a Four Wheel Steer Vehicle - Part 1: Analysis and Design

Through a single track model, correspondence between typical frequency analysis coefficients and test driver's opinion developed after experimental tests has been stated. Benchmark analysis of several vehicles, considered significant, has been carried out as well as a sensitivity analysis of vehicle behavior depending on passive design parameters, such as vehicle sideslip stiffness and tyre relaxation length. It led to the definition of the different transfer function capable of describing passive vehicle linear behavior; vehicle performance limits, due to unbridgeable physical phenomenon, has been also considered. 4WS vehicle chance to overcome these limits has been investigated, depending on rear steering control logic complexity. Vehicle frequency response has been then analyzed for different longitudinal velocity, introducing thus the concept of “natural vehicle”. The design of a four wheel steer system control logic, based only on feed forward, is described.