Study of High-Pressure Injection DI Diesel Engine
Visualization of in-cylinder reaction processes and performance analysis of a direct-injection Diesel engine equipped with a high injection pressure (HIP) unit were conducted. The study was directed towards evaluation of high-power-density (HPD) engine design strategies, which utilize more intake air operating at rich overall fuel-air ratios. Two separate engine apparatus were used in this study: a Cummins 903 engine and a single-cylinder optical engine equipped with the same family engine components including the cylinder head. The engines were mated with an intensifier-type HIP fuel system fabricated at Rutgers which can deliver fuel injection pressure of over 200 MPa (30,000psi). The one-of-a-kind high-speed four-band infrared (IR) imaging system was used to obtain over fifteen hundred sets of spectral digital movies under varied engine design and operating conditions for the present analysis.