The Development of Vibration Damping Steel Sheets for Inner Panels of Automotive Vehicles
Vibration damping steel sheets (VDSS), which have sandwich structures with intermediate layers of resin, have been studied. The most important characteristics of VDSS for inner panels of automotive vehicles are the vibration damping properties, press formability and spot weldability. Vibration damping properties, which are quantified by loss factor,η, were influenced by both tanδ, which indicates damping capacity of resins, and elastic modulus of core resin. From a view point of vibration damping properties, resins with larger tanδ and relatively lower elastic modulus were favorable. Because these mechanical characteristics vary considerably with temperature, it is important to select the most suitable resin for the service temperature range. The relationship between noise reduction effect and loss factor of VDSS were also studied. It was experimentally confirmed that noise reduction effect of VDSS is proportional to the logarithm of their loss factor.