The Smoke Eater, A Sorbent/Catalyst for Recovery from Fires
The possibility and consequences of a fire on board a spacecraft and the subsequent effects of the resultant toxic gases and smoke on the crew, equipment and mission is an ever-present hazard for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The necessity to remove these contaminants in the presence of high levels of humidity and carbon dioxide has prompted the development of a new prototype atmospheric filter (smoke eater) that can scrub acid gases, basic gases, and carbon monoxide from a spacecraft atmosphere in a post-fire event to a concentration below one half the Spacecraft Maximum Allowable Concentration (SMAC) levels. TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) is developing an advanced smoke eater to remove combustion byproducts. The material makeup of the smoke eater will also be applicable to spacecraft evacuation masks and the shipboard atmospheric revitalization system.