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Technical Paper

Development of a Model-Based Controller for a Three-Way Catalytic Converter

The performance of a three-way catalytic converter under transient operation can be improved by controlling the level of oxygen stored on ceria at some optimal level. A model-based controller, with the model estimating the level of ceria coverage by oxygen, can achieve this goal. A simple, dynamic model is based on step responses of the converter and is used to train the controller off-line. The controller is a neuro-fuzzy approximation of a model predictive controller. Thus, it retains a high performance while being less computationally involving. The system performance has been experimentally tested by a specially designed, highly transient test cycle.
Technical Paper

A Novel Start Algorithm for CNG Engines Using Ion Sense Technology

This paper presents a start algorithm that is able to control the air/fuel ratio (AFR) during the cranking phase and immediately hereafter, where the ordinary λ-control is not yet enabled. The control is based on the ion sense principle, which means that a current through the spark plug is measured directly after the spark has disappeared. This current is a measure for the temperature and therefore of the combustion in the cylinder. This is an excellent way to start a CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) engine with unknown gas qualities. A typical example of application is when the vehicle is almost out of fuel and is refueled at a motel stop. The small amount of old fuel that is left in the system will mix with the new fuel resulting in an unknown fuel quality. The control system shall then be able to start the engine directly or after an accommodation over night. During the last condition, the oxygen sensor is still cold and thus not able to correct for fuel quality changes.