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Technical Paper

Simulation Based Approach for FIS Configuration Selection

Environmental pollution is of great concern; hence the emission norms for the diesel engines are made more stringent. The purpose of this work is to develop a process to optimize the FIS parameters and select a most suitable FIS by simulation to meet the target emissions. During the combustion optimization exercise of diesel engine, different hardware combinations like injector, HPP etc are matched through testing to achieve the required performance and emissions. The process requires the real testing of the engine on engine dynamometer with various hardware combinations, which is expensive and time consuming. A simulation model of diesel FIS is constructed using ‘AVL Hydsim’. The model is validated by comparing the predicted and the experimental results. The validated model is used for further work. Critical parameters were listed based on the sensitivity analysis on the base model.
Technical Paper

Literature Review and Simulation of Dual Fuel Diesel-CNG Engines

Dual fuel operating strategy offers great opportunity to reduce emissions like particulate matter and NOx from compression ignition engine and use of clearer fuels like natural gas. Dual-fuel engines have number of potential advantages like fuel flexibility, lower emissions, higher compression ratio, better efficiency and easy conversion of existing diesel engines without major hardware modifications. In view of energy depletion and environmental pollution, dual-fuel technology has caught attention of researchers. It is an ecological and efficient combustion technology. This paper summarizes a review of recent research on dual-fuel technology and future scope of research. Paper also throws light on present limitations and drawbacks of dual-fuel engines and proposed methods to overcome these drawbacks. A parametric study of different engine-operating variables affecting performance of diesel-CNG dual-fuel engines vis-à-vis base diesel operation is also summarized here.
Technical Paper

Design of High Speed Engine's Cam Profile Using B-Spline Functions for Controlled Dynamics

Recent trends towards design of High Performance Diesel engines creating more challenges in the area of design, durability and NVH aspects of components and systems. In particular, Valvetrain system of High Speed application engines is one of the most critical and complicated dynamic system in terms of precise control of events, max. Lift, control over accelerations and vibration related issues. This can be tackled by designing the cam profile for better valve train dynamics. High frequency components and/or excessive jerks in a cam profile are important sources of cam-follower vibrations. There are various techniques of designing cam profile to achieve controlled valve train dynamic behavior at high speed operations. Present paper discuss the impact of various cam profile options designed using Polydyne, N-Harmonic and B-Spline methodologies on a field problem of cam wear for high speed engine application.
Technical Paper

Design and Development of High Performance Diesel Engines for Off-Highway and Genset Applications with Emerging Technologies

To meet the latest trends in Internal Combustion engines regarding efficiency, emissions and durability, an integrated approach to engine development is required. This paper describes about a Robust, Reliable and an integrated approach used in design and development of an engine for high power density which can be adopted for both Off-highway application as well as Genset application. The engine is developed to meet US - EPA Tier-III Emission Norms and MoEF (Genset Emission Norms for India formulated by Ministry of Environment and Forest) emission norms respectively. This paper discusses various technologies applied in developing this engine to achieve high power density, low exhaust emissions, and low noise and vibrations. This 4 valve per cylinder engine is created largely within a digital environment using the latest computer aided design (CAD) and computer aided engineering (CAE) techniques and simulation tools.
Technical Paper

Combined PCCI-DI Combustion to Meet EURO-IV Norms on LCV Engine - Experimental and Visulisation Study

The Partially Pre-mixed Charge Compression Ignition (PCCI) combustion was experimentally and computationally investigated with retarded injection timing for mixture homogeneity and for lower emissions. PCCI combustion concept was experimentally evaluated with retarded injection timing close to TDC with high EGR levels up to 50%. The CFD analysis has carried out for mixture homogeneity with different injection pressures and timings. A 4-cylinder TCIC engine having 2valves/cylinder were selected for experiments and speed vs. torque mapped for LCV applications. A Visio technique has been used to study the in-cylinder combustion. After fine tuning of injection pressure, injection timing and EGR ratio over entire range of engine speeds and loads, a 13-mode ESC test cycle has been carried out for EURO-IV and EURO-V emissions. Experimental results shows that it is possible to meet EURO-IV emissions with combined PCCI-DI combustion concept with economical aftertreatment solution.