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Technical Paper

Vibro-Acoustic Behavior of Bead-Stiffened Flat Panels: FEA, SEA, and Experimental Analysis

Vibration and sound radiation characteristics of bead-stiffened panels are investigated. Rectangular panels with different bead configurations are considered. The attention is focused on various design parameters, such as orientation, depth, and periodicity, and their effects on equivalent bending stiffness, modal density, radiation efficiency and sound transmission. A combined FEA-SEA approach is used to determine the response characteristics of panels across a broad frequency range. The details of the beads are represented in fine-meshed FEA models. Based on predicted surface velocities, Rayleigh integral is evaluated numerically to calculate the sound pressure, sound power and then the radiation efficiency of beaded panels. Analytical results are confirmed by comparing them with experimental measurements. In the experiments, the modal densities of the panels are inferred from averaged mechanical conductance.
Technical Paper

Representation of Constrained/Unconstrained Layer Damping Treatments in FEA/SEA Vehicle System Models: A Simplified Approach

In this study, a simplified approach to modeling the dynamics of damping treatments in FEA (Finite Element)/ SEA (Statistical Energy) models is presented. The basic idea is to represent multi-layered composite structures with an equivalent layer. The properties of the equivalent layer are obtained by using the RKU (Ross, Kerwin and Ungar) method. The procedure presented here does not require any special pre-processing of the finite element input file and it does not increase the number of active degrees of freedom in the model, thereby making it possible to include the effect of these treatments in large system/subsystem level models. The equivalent properties obtained from RKU analysis can also be used in the SEA system models. In this study, both unconstrained and constrained layer damping treatments applied to simple structures (e.g., flat panels) as well as production vehicle components are examined.
Technical Paper

Material Property Characterization of Foilback Damping Treatments Using Modified ASTM Equations

In the automotive industry, in order to characterize and evaluate damping treatments, it is a common practice to employ Oberst bar tests as specified by ASTM E756 and SAE J1637. The ASTM standard provides equations for sandwiched Oberst bars. These equations allow engineers to extract the properties of the visco-elastic core. For certain type of automotive constrained-layer damping treatments, such as the Aluminum Foilback, it is often convenient and desirable to prepare the Oberst bar samples with production-intent configuration. Unfortunately, these configurations are often asymmetric. Therefore, the composite Oberst bar data cannot be post-processed by employing the ASTM equations. In this study, the ASTM equations for sandwiched bars are modified to accommodate for asymmetric Oberst bar configurations. The finite element method is used to validate the derived equations by performing a “Virtual Oberst Bar test.”