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Technical Paper

The Effects of ‘Inclination Angle of Swirl Axis’ on Turbulence Characteristics in a 4-Valve Lean-Burn Engine with SCV

It has been demonstrated that the in-cylinder turbulence of a 4 valve engine with a swirl control valve (SCV) is enhanced by inclined swirl. This paper examines the effects on turbulence of varying swirl inclination angle defined as the inverse tangent of the vertical component of total angular momentum divided by the horizontal component. Experiments were conducted on a 4-valve single cylinder engine with SCV using a backward-scatter LDV and BSA (Burst Spectrum Analyzer). The results show that although total angular momentum is greatest with horizontal swirl, turbulence intensity measured in the center of the combustion chamber attains a peak value when the swirl inclination angle is between 30 and 45 degrees from the cylinder axis under the same air flow rate.
Technical Paper

Analysis of Visualized Fuel Flow inside the Slit Nozzle of Direct Injection SI Gasoline Engine

In the direct injection spark ignition gasoline engine (D-4), thin fan-shaped high-dispersion, high-penetration and high-atomization spray formed by the slit nozzle generates a stratified mixture cloud without depending on a strong intake air motion, subsequently realizing stable stratified charge combustion. To improve fuel economy further in actual traffic, the region of stratified charge combustion in torque-engine speed map must be expanded by improving spray characteristics. Since the fuel flow inside the nozzle has a large effect on the spray characteristics, it was clarified this effect by visual analysis of the fuel flow inside the nozzle using an enlarged acrylic slit nozzle of 10 magnifications. Consequently, it was found that vortices are generated frequently within a sac even in the case of steady state conditions. The effect on the spray characteristics is corresponding to the vortex scale.
Technical Paper

A Study of Stratified Charge Combustion Characteristics in New Concept Direct Injection SI Gasoline Engine

A new stratified charge system has been developed for direct injection gasoline engines. The special feature of this system is employment of a thin fan-shaped fuel spray formed by a slit nozzle and a shell-shaped piston cavity. This system, basically classified into the wall-guided mixture preparation concept that leads air/fuel mixture to the spark plug periphery by means of spray penetration and piston cavity configuration without an extra intake air flow controlling system, obtained wide engine operating area with stratified combustion and high output performance. This report presents the characteristics of stratified mixture formation and combustion, especially the important factor for achieving stable stratified combustion in the high-speed region, which have been clarified through analytical studies.