The Effects of ‘Inclination Angle of Swirl Axis’ on Turbulence Characteristics in a 4-Valve Lean-Burn Engine with SCV
It has been demonstrated that the in-cylinder turbulence of a 4 valve engine with a swirl control valve (SCV) is enhanced by inclined swirl. This paper examines the effects on turbulence of varying swirl inclination angle defined as the inverse tangent of the vertical component of total angular momentum divided by the horizontal component. Experiments were conducted on a 4-valve single cylinder engine with SCV using a backward-scatter LDV and BSA (Burst Spectrum Analyzer). The results show that although total angular momentum is greatest with horizontal swirl, turbulence intensity measured in the center of the combustion chamber attains a peak value when the swirl inclination angle is between 30 and 45 degrees from the cylinder axis under the same air flow rate.