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Technical Paper

The Power Performance and the Fuel Economy Estimation of HV for Vehicle Concept Planning Using VHDL-AMS Full Vehicle Simulation

2012-04-16
2012-01-1025
In order to reduce CO₂, Electric Vehicles (EV) and Hybrid Vehicles (HV) are effective. Those types of vehicles have powertrains from conventional vehicles. Those new powertrains drastically improve their efficiency from conventional vehicles keeping the same or superior power performance. On the other hand, those vehicles have an issue for thermal energy shortage during warming up process. The thermal energy is very large, and seriously affects the fuel economy for HV and the mileage for EV. In this paper, we propose VHDL-AMS multi-domain simulation technique for the estimation of the vehicle performance at the concept planning stage. The VHDL-AMS is IEEE and IEC standardized language, which supports not only multi-domain (physics) but also encryption. The common modeling language and encryption standard is indispensable for full-vehicle simulation.
Technical Paper

Novel Power Conversion System for Cost Reduction in Vehicles with 42V/14V Power Supply

2003-03-03
2003-01-0307
In recent years, attention is being given to 42V power supply technology for solving the problem of increased power demand in vehicles. Since 2001, Toyota Motor Corporation has been marketing a mild hybrid system (THS-M) in order to further improve fuel economy and reduce emissions; this system requires both 42V and 14V power sources. The THS-M system consists of a 42V motor generator (M/G) connected to the engine crankshaft with a belt; an inverter; a 36V battery; a DC/DC converter for stepping down the 42V power supply to a conventional 12V battery; and high-power related electrical components. These components require additional costs, which must be reduced in order to increase the sales volume of THS-M vehicles. We have devised a method to eliminate the conventional DC/DC converter from the THS-M, and as a result we have developed a new, revolutionary power conversion system (multi-function inverter).
Technical Paper

Crankshaft Positioning Utilizing Compression Force and Fast Starting with Combustion Assist for Indirect Injection Engine

2005-04-11
2005-01-1166
Toyota has been continuing to study economy and general-purpose starting technologies for smaller displacement engines, since market introduction of the 42-14V MHV in 2001. This study shows one of the strategies for nearly silent and fast starting for economy size cars, which have smaller displacement engines by utilizing a small MG (motor generator) at 12 Volts. The most significant issue for realizing advanced starting features (silent, fast and smooth) is the cost. Power electric components, especially, have a large cost disadvantage, which is generally proposed to the controlling power. So efforts were made to reduce the electrical power requirements. Also methods for minimizing additional components and utilizing conventionally existing components (e.g. sensors) are discussed in this paper. Another characteristic is that smaller displacement engines (e.g. I4, I3) have larger cranking torque difference characteristics than larger engines (e.g. I6, I8).
Technical Paper

Analysis for Vibration Caused by Starter Shaft Resonance

2016-04-05
2016-01-1319
Abstract It is important for vehicle concept planning to estimate fuel economy and the influence of vehicle vibration using virtual engine specifications and a virtual vehicle frame. In our former study, we showed the 1D physical power plant model with electrical starter, battery that can predict combustion transient torque, combustion heat energy and fuel efficiency. The simulation result agreed with measured data. For idling stop system, the noise and vibration during start up is important factor for salability of the vehicle. In this paper, as an application of the 1D physical power plant model (engine model), we will show the result of analysis that is starter shaft resonance and the effect on the engine mount vibration of restarting from idle stop. First, an engine model for 3.5L 6cyl NA engine was developed by energy-based model using VHDL-AMS. Here, VHDL-AMS is modeling language registered in IEC international standard (IEC61691-6) to realize multi physics on 1D simulation.
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