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Technical Paper

Improvement of DI Diesel Engine System by Utilizing GTL Fuels Characteristics

Gas To Liquid (GTL) fuels synthesized from natural gas are known as clean fuels. Therefore, GTL fuels have been expected to be a promising option that can reduce the NOx and PM emissions from diesel engines and contribute to the energy security. In this study, in order to clarify the emission reduction potentials, the improvement of DI diesel engine and aftertreatment systems were investigated by utilizing GTL fuels characteristics. To achieve a further reduction of both NOx and PM emissions, the combustion chamber, injection pattern and EGR calibration were modified. From the results of tests, the engine out NOx emissions were reduced to the Euro 6 regulation level and in parallel the expected deteriorations of HC emission and fuel consumption were suppressed because of the characteristics of high cetane number and zero poly-aromatics hydrocarbons. Additionally, an aftertreatment system was optimized to GTL fuel in order to improve NOx conversion efficiency.
Technical Paper

Effects of Fuel Properties on Premixed Charge Compression Ignition Combustion in a Direct Injection Diesel Engine

Effects of fuel distillation characteristics and cetane number on premixed charge compression ignition (PCCI) combustion were investigated for the purpose of reducing NOx and PM emissions from a direct injection diesel engine. The test engine had a hole type injection nozzle for conventional diesel combustion at high load operation. A low compression ratio and cooled EGR were applied to the test engine in order to reduce the compression temperature for avoiding pre-ignition. The investigation results show that, in the case of ignition control by EGR, a light fuel with lower distillation characteristics had an advantage of reducing smoke at higher loads. This means that high volatility fuel is effective in promoting lean mixture formation of fuel and air during the ignition delay. Moreover, lowering the cetane number was effective in reducing NOx emissions by suppression of combustion temperature.
Technical Paper

Effects of Cetane Number and Distillation Characteristics of Paraffinic Diesel Fuels on PM Emission from a DI Diesel Engine

Fischer-Tropsch Diesel (FTD) fuel is expected to be a promising clean diesel fuel in the future because of its characteristics of zero sulfur, zero aromatics and a high cetane number. However, the optimum fuel properties for diesel engines have not been realized. In this study, the effects of cetane number and distillation characteristics on engine-out PM emissions from a conventional direct injection diesel engine were investigated by using paraffinic fuels which were made to simulate FTD fuel. From the results of the vehicle exhaust emissions test and engine dynamometer test, it was found that the narrow distillation characteristics (which eliminates heavy hydrocarbon fraction) could reduce the soluble organic fraction (SOF) in PM emissions, and the excess high cetane number characteristic promoted the formation of insoluble organic fraction (ISOF).