Influence of Sulfur Concentration in Gasoline on NOx Storage - Reduction Catalyst
Influence of sulfur poisoning on NOx storage - reduction catalysts (NSR catalysts) was examined using both model gas and an actual vehicle. Deterioration of NSR catalysts is explained as the balance of sulfate formation in lean operating conditions and the amount of sulfate decomposed under rich operating conditions. This study focused on sulfate decomposition characteristics of NSR catalysts. First, sulfate decomposition characteristics of an NSR catalyst were examined in a model gas test. It was found that the initial temperature of SOx release was higher than the sulfur poisoning temperature. Crystal growth of sulfate by increasing temperature was assumed, and hence suppressed SOx release. Second, various sulfur concentrations (8 - 500 ppm) in gasoline were used for vehicle durability. The duration of one durability cycle was 1,260 seconds, including a 60 second regeneration of sulfur poisoning (AFR 14.2, 700 °C).