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Technical Paper

Transonic Combustion - Supercritical Gasoline Combustion Operating Range Extension for Low Emissions and High Thermal Efficiency

A novel combustion process has been developed utilizing supercritical gasoline injection-ignition for light-duty compression ignition engines known as Transonic Combustion or TSCi™. Previous publications have demonstrated results for improving fuel economy and emissions under light-load operating conditions typical of those for passenger car vehicles. The TSCi™ combustion process exhibits similarities with HCCI, LTC, PCCI and RCCI with high indicated thermal efficiencies (greater than 45%) and simultaneous reduction of NOx and PM at high EGR levels. The use of EGR at low and medium loads has shown a strong impact on NOx without compromising particulate emissions. However at higher loads with HCCI, LTC, PCCI and RCCI the operating range is limited by excessive pressure rise rates and control of combustion phasing, whereas the TSCi™ combustion process, due to its partially premixed and partially stratified mixture preparation, is not limited in the same manner.