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PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF HYDRAULIC FLUIDS

1975-05-01
HISTORICAL
AIR1362
This report presents data on hydraulic fluids which are of interest to detail designers of hydraulic systems and components for military flight vehicles. The data pertain to fluids conforming to specifications MIL-H-5606, MIL-H-8446, MIL-H-27601, and MIL-H-83282.
Standard

Importance of Physical and Chemical Properties of Aircraft Hydraulic Fluids

2011-02-08
HISTORICAL
AIR81C
This document discusses the relative merits of the physical and chemical properties of hydraulic fluids in relation to the aerospace hydraulic system design, and the related materials compatibility. The discussion in this report applies both to hydrocarbon and phosphate ester based aircraft hydraulic fluids. In some cases, numerical limits are suggested, but, in general, the significance and effect of a property is noted qualitatively.
Standard

Importance of Physical and Chemical Properties of Aircraft Hydraulic Fluids

1991-11-01
HISTORICAL
AIR81
This report discusses the characteristics of hydraulic fluids and evaluates their importance, not only from the standpoint of fluid formulation, but also in their effect on aero-space hydraulic system design and the materials used in the components of the system. In some cases numerical parameter limits are suggested, but, in general, the effect of a parameter is the basic consideration. Not only must the characteristics of the fluid be considered in the design of a hydraulic system in which it is to be used, but also the characteristics of the system will affect the extent of the importance of the various characteristics of the fluid. In each individual system, as it employs a fluid, the characteristics of the fluid must be assessed with their immediate import and weighed in considering their effects on the system design requirements based upon the variables of system environment, function and basic design.
Standard

Importance of Physical and Chemical Properties of Aircraft Hydraulic Fluids

2016-04-20
HISTORICAL
AIR81D
This document discusses the relative merits of the physical and chemical properties of hydraulic fluids in relation to the aerospace hydraulic system design, and the related materials compatibility. The discussion in this report applies both to hydrocarbon and phosphate ester based aircraft hydraulic fluids. In some cases, numerical limits are suggested, but, in general, the significance and effect of a property is noted qualitatively.
Standard

Importance of Physical and Chemical Properties of Aircraft Hydraulic Fluids

2019-10-02
CURRENT
AIR81E
This document discusses the relative merits of the physical and chemical properties of hydraulic fluids in relation to the aerospace hydraulic system design, and the related materials compatibility. The discussion in this report applies both to hydrocarbon and phosphate ester based aircraft hydraulic fluids. In some cases, numerical limits are suggested, but, in general, the significance and effect of a property is noted qualitatively.
Standard

Hydrocarbon-Based Hydraulic Fluid Properties

2000-12-01
HISTORICAL
AIR81B
This document discusses the relative merits of the properties of hydrocarbon-based hydraulic fluid in relation to the fluid formulation, aerospace hydraulic system design and the related materials compatibility. In some cases, numerical limits are suggested, but, in general, the effect of a property is noted qualitatively. The properties of the fluid must be considered in the design of a hydraulic system, but it is possible to design a system to be less sensitive, or more robust, to a particular fluid property. For this reason, the property of the hydraulic fluid must be weighed for each individual hydraulic system, taking into account the system's basic design, function and environment, as well as the fluid toxicity and disposal issues. Besides the hydraulic system itself, ground handling and servicing needs of the system must also be considered. The only absolute characteristic of a hydraulic fluid is that it be a liquid throughout the range of use.
Standard

HYDROCARBON-BASED HYDRAULIC FLUID PROPERTIES

1995-03-01
HISTORICAL
AIR81A
This document discusses the relative merits of the properties of hydrocarbon-based hydraulic fluid in relation to the fluid formulation, aerospace hydraulic system design and the related materials compatibility. In some cases, numerical limits are suggested, but, in general, the effect of a property is noted qualitatively. The properties of the fluid must be considered in the design of a hydraulic system, but it is possible to design a system to be less sensitive, or more robust, to a particular fluid property. For this reason, the property of the hydraulic fluid must be weighed for each individual hydraulic system, taking into account the system's basic design, function and environment, as well as the fluid toxicity and disposal issues. Besides the hydraulic system itself, ground handling and servicing needs of the system must also be considered. The only absolute characteristic of a hydraulic fluid is that it be a liquid throughout the range of use.
Standard

Fire Resistant Phosphate Ester Hydraulic Fluid for Aircraft

1997-09-01
HISTORICAL
AS1241C
This document establishes the requirements for physical and chemical properties and the minimum tests to evaluate suitability of phosphate ester hydraulic fluids for use in aircraft systems where fire resistance is required. Additional tests may be specified by procuring agencies to demonstrate compliance with specific requirements.
Standard

Fire Resistant Phosphate Ester Hydraulic Fluid for Aircraft

2016-09-16
CURRENT
AS1241D
This document establishes the requirements for physical and chemical properties and the minimum tests to evaluate suitability of phosphate ester hydraulic fluids for use in aircraft systems where fire resistance is required. Additional tests may be specified by the qualifying agency to demonstrate compliance with their specific requirements. The "qualifying agency" will be defined herein to be the airframe manufacturer submitting certification approval for use of the fluid in a specific model airplane. Fluids meeting the requirements of this specification may be approved by a qualifying agency for use on specific airplane models. Data used to show compliance to this specification can be used by the qualifying agency to show compliance to the applicable regulations for the appropriate certifying authority; e.g., FAA, EASA, etc.
Standard

FIRE RESISTANT PHOSPHATE ESTER HYDRAULIC FLUID FOR AIRCRAFT

1992-02-18
HISTORICAL
AS1241B
This document establishes the requirements for physical and chemical properties and the minimum tests to evaluate suitability of phosphate ester hydraulic fluids for use in aircraft systems where fire resistance is required. Additional tests may be specified by procuring agencies to demonstrate compliance with specific requirements.
Standard

Degradation Limits of Hydrocarbon-Based Hydraulic Fluids, MIL-H-5606, MIL-H-6083, MIL-H-83282, and MIL-H-46170 Used in Hydraulic Test Stands

2001-03-01
HISTORICAL
AIR810C
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) presents data on normally accepted changes in physical properties and contamination levels for military hydraulic fluids used in hydraulic test stands. This information is of importance to all users of hydraulic test stands to assure the performance data obtained on these test stands for specific components will not be adversely affected by excessive changes in fluid properties or contamination levels. The data pertains to fluids conforming to specifications MIL-H-5606, MIL-H-83282, MIL-H-6063, and MIL-H-46170. The guidelines incorporated in the AIR are the general consensus values of knowledgeable professionals. However, the experience and judgement of engineers and operators responsible for the equipment must be relied upon to determine when the hydraulic fluid is to be replaced. This document is essentially a metric document with English units.
Standard

Aerospace Hydraulic Fluids Physical Properties

2016-11-01
HISTORICAL
AIR1362C
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) presents data on hydraulic fluids which are of interest to detail designers of hydraulic systems and components for aerospace flight vehicles. The data pertains to fluids conforming to the following specifications: MIL-PRF-5606 MIL-H-8446 MIL-PRF-27601 (canceled) MIL-PRF-27601 has been canceled without replacement and the data presented herein is for information purposes only. MIL-PRF-83282 MIL-H-53119 MIL-PRF-87257 AS1241 Type IV, Classes 1 and 2, and Type V
Standard

Aerospace Hydraulic Fluids Physical Properties

2018-08-16
CURRENT
AIR1362D
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) presents data on hydraulic fluids which are of interest to detail designers of hydraulic systems and components for aerospace flight vehicles. The data pertains to fluids conforming to the following specifications: MIL-PRF-5606 MIL-H-8446 MIL-PRF-27601 (canceled) MIL-PRF-27601 has been canceled without replacement and the data presented herein is for information purposes only. MIL-PRF-83282 MIL-H-53119 MIL-PRF-87257 AS1241 Type IV, Classes 1 and 2, and Type V
Standard

Aerospace Hydraulic Fluids Physical Properties

2000-08-01
HISTORICAL
AIR1362B
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) presents data on hydraulic fluids which are of interest to detail designers of hydraulic systems and components for aerospace flight vehicles. The data pertain to fluids conforming to specifications MIL-H-5606, MIL-H-8446, MIL-PRF-27601, MIL-PRF-83282, MIL-H-53119, MIL-PRF-87257, Aerospace Standard 1241 Type IV, Classes 1 and 2, and Type V. The relative merits of hydraulic fluid properties in relation to the fluid formulation, aerospace hydraulic system design and the related materials compatibility are discussed in AIR81, Hydraulic Fluid Properties. This document is essentially a metric document with English units available in the data charts for convenience. There is a treatment of conversions between ISO and English units in AIR1657.
Standard

Aerospace Hydraulic Fluids Physical Properties

1999-12-01
HISTORICAL
AIR1362A
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) presents data on hydraulic fluids which are of interest to detail designers of hydraulic systems and components for aerospace flight vehicles. The data pertain to fluids conforming to specifications MIL-H-5606, MIL-H-8446, MIL-PRF-27601, MIL-PRF-83282, MIL-H-53119, MIL-PRF-87257, Aerospace Standard 1241 Type IV, Classes 1 and 2, and Type V. The relative merits of hydraulic fluid properties in relation to the fluid formulation, aerospace hydraulic system design and the related materials compatibility are discussed in AIR81, Hydraulic Fluid Properties. This document is essentially a metric document with English units available in the data charts for convenience. There is a treatment of conversions between ISO and English units in AIR1657.
Standard

Aerospace - Chlorinated Solvent Contamination of MIL-H-5606/MIL-H-83282 Vehicle Hydraulic Systems

1992-08-18
HISTORICAL
AIR4713
Although there is controversy regarding the chemical form of chlorine and its relation to harmful effects in the hydraulic fluid (i.e., chloride ions versus organic chloro-compounds versus total chlorine in all forms), it is generally agreed that total chlorine content should be measured and controlled. In the near future, the ban on the manufacture of chlorinated solvents, out of concern for depletion of the ozone layer, may in itself diminish or eliminate chlorine contamination related aircraft malfunctions. It is generally accepted that hydraulic fluid contamination should be held to a minimum under all conditions. The benefits of low contamination levels are improved performance, lower maintenance due to lower wear, corrosion and erosion, longer fluid life, longer component life, etc. Contaminants can be classified into two general types: those that are insoluble and those that are soluble in the hydraulic fluid.
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