Two-Dimensional Visualization of Premixed-Charge Flame Structure in an IC Engine - SP-715
Flame fronts were examined in a premixed-charge, spark-ignition, ported engine using a two-dimensional visualization technique with 10 nanoseconds time resolution and 200 microns best spatial resolution. The engine had a pancake chamber, a compression ratio of 8, a TDC swirl number of 4 and was operated at 300 to 3000 rpm with stoichiometric and lean propane/air mixtures. The measurements were made far from, and near to, the cylinder wall. A pulsed laser sheet was passed through the engine and the light scattered by sub-micron TiO2 or ZrO2 seeding particles was collected by a 100 x 100 diode array with fields of view of 1 cm x 1 cm, 2 cm x 2 cm, and 9 cm x 9 cm. The thickness of the flame front is as small as, or smaller than, the 200 micron best resolution of the measurements thus confirming that premixed-charge engine turbulent flames generally appear to be wrinkled laminar flames.