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Standard

Test Procedure to Measure the Fuel Permeability of Materials by the Cup Weight Loss Method

2018-12-12
CURRENT
J2665_201812
This test standard covers the procedure for measuring the permeation of fuel or fuel surrogates through test samples of elastomeric, plastic or composite materials, up to about 3 mm thick. The method involves filling a test cup with the test fluid (fuel or fuel surrogate), sealing test sample over the open end of the cup, and then placing the sealed container into an oven at the desired test temperature and measuring the weight loss over time. Permeation rates are calculated from the rate of weight loss and the exposed area of the test sample. Standard permeation test temperatures are 40 °C and 60 °C. Standard test fluids are Fuel C, Fuel CE10 and Fuel CM15. Other fluids, such as Fuel CMTBE15, and other volatile liquids may be tested according to this procedure as desired (SAE J1681). The method is not applicable for measuring permeation of higher boiling materials that will not completely evaporate from the exterior surface of the sample at the test temperature.
Standard

Test Procedure to Measure the Fuel Permeability of Materials by the Cup Weight Loss Method

2006-10-13
HISTORICAL
J2665_200610
This test standard covers the procedure for measuring the permeation of fuel or fuel surrogates through test samples of elastomeric, plastic or composite materials, up to about 3 mm thick. The method involves filling a test cup with the test fluid (fuel or fuel surrogate), sealing test sample over the open end of the cup, and then placing the sealed container into an oven at the desired test temperature and measuring the weight loss over time. Permeation rates are calculated from the rate of weight loss and the exposed area of the test sample. Standard permeation test temperatures are 40 °C and 60 °C. Standard test fluids are Fuel C, Fuel CE10 and Fuel CM15. Other fluids, such as Fuel CMTBE15, and other volatile liquids may be tested according to this procedure as desired (SAE J1681). The method is not applicable for measuring permeation of higher boiling materials that will not completely evaporate from the exterior surface of the sample at the test temperature.
Standard

Test Procedure to Measure Permeation of Elastomeric Hose or Tube by Weight Loss

2019-04-01
CURRENT
J2663_201904
This test method is intended for measuring fuel permeation at elevated temperature through low permeating hose or tubing samples of elastomeric or composite construction. The expected accuracy of the method is about ±10% of the sample permeation rate. Hose permeation testing can be done two ways: Method A – Plug and Fill or Method B – using a fuel reservoir. Method A involves plugging one end of the hose, filling the sample to about 90% full with test fuel, plugging the other end, and then exposing the plugged sample to a desired test temperature, with the weight loss measured over time. Method B involves plugging one end of a hose, and then connecting the other end to a fuel reservoir. The hose sample and reservoir are then exposed to a desired test temperature with the weight loss measured over time. This procedure presents a recommended plug design that permits inserting the plugs prior to adding the test fluid.
Standard

Test Procedure to Measure Permeation of Elastomeric Hose or Tube by Weight Loss

2010-06-16
HISTORICAL
J2663_201006
This test method is intended for measuring fuel permeation at elevated temperature through low permeating hose or tubing samples of elastomeric or composite construction. The expected accuracy of the method is about ±10% of the sample permeation rate. Hose permeation testing can be done two ways: Method A – Plug and Fill or Method B – using a fuel reservoir. Method A involves plugging one end of the hose, filling the sample to about 90% full with test fuel, plugging the other end, and then exposing the plugged sample to a desired test temperature, with the weight loss measured over time. Method B involves plugging one end of a hose, and then connecting the other end to a fuel reservoir. The hose sample and reservoir are then exposed to a desired test temperature with the weight loss measured over time. This procedure presents a recommended plug design that permits inserting the plugs prior to adding the test fluid.
Standard

Test Procedure to Determine the Hydrocarbon Losses from Fuel Tubes, Hoses, Fittings, and Fuel Line Assemblies by Recirculation

2004-11-17
HISTORICAL
J1737_200411
This SAE Recommended Practice is intended for the determination of the losses of hydrocarbon fluids, by permeation through component walls as well as through 'microleaks' at interfaces of assembled components while controlling temperature and pressure independently of each other. This is achieved in a recirculating system in which liquids which are transported through walls and joints are collected by a controlled flow of nitrogen (dry) and adsorbed by activated charcoal.
Standard

Test Procedure to Determine the Hydrocarbon Losses from Fuel Tubes, Hoses, Fittings, and Fuel Line Assemblies by Recirculation

2013-05-14
HISTORICAL
J1737_201305
This SAE Recommended Practice is intended for the determination of the losses of hydrocarbon fluids, by permeation through component walls as well as through "microleaks" at interfaces of assembled components while controlling temperature and pressure independently of each other. This is achieved in a recirculating system in which elements of a test fuel that permeate through the walls of a test specimen and migrate through the interfaces are transported by a controlled flow of dry nitrogen to a point where they are measured. That measurement point is a device, such as a canister containing activated charcoal or other means of collection or accumulation where the hydrocarbon losses are then measured by weight change or analyzed by some other suitable means.
Standard

Test Procedure to Determine the Hydrocarbon Losses from Fuel Tubes, Hoses, Fittings, and Fuel Line Assemblies by Recirculation

2019-08-26
CURRENT
J1737_201908
This SAE Recommended Practice is intended for the determination of the losses of hydrocarbon fluids, by permeation through component walls, as well as through "microleaks" at interfaces of assembled components while controlling temperature and pressure independently of each other. This is achieved in a recirculating system in which elements of a test fuel that permeate through the walls of a test specimen and migrate through the interfaces are transported by a controlled flow of dry nitrogen to a point where they are measured. That measurement point is a device, such as a canister containing activated charcoal or other means of collection or accumulation where the hydrocarbon losses are then measured by weight change or analyzed by some other suitable means.
Standard

Test Procedure to Determine the Hydrocarbon Losses From Fuel Tubes, Hoses, Fittings, and Fuel Line Assemblies By Recirculation

1997-08-01
HISTORICAL
J1737_199708
This SAE Recommended Practice is intended for the determination of the losses of hydrocarbon fluids, by permeation through component walls as well as through 'microleaks' at interfaces of assembled components while controlling temperature and pressure independently of each other. This is achieved in a recirculating system in which liquids which are transported through walls and joints are collected by a controlled flow of nitrogen (dry) and adsorbed by activated charcoal.
Standard

Test Method to Measure Fluid Permeation of Polymeric Materials by Speciation

2018-12-12
CURRENT
J2659_201812
This test method described in this document covers a procedure to speciate that is, to determine the amounts of each different fuel constituent that permeates across sheets, films or slabs of plastic materials. One side of the sheet is meant to be in contact with either a liquid test fuel or a saturated test fuel vapor, the other side is meant to be exposed to an environment free of fuel. The test fuel can either be a mixture of a small (usually smaller than ten) number of hydrocarbon, alcohol and ether constituents or it can be a sample of a real automotive fuel, e.g., one that may contain hundreds of different constituents. Furthermore, Appendix A contains guidelines to speciate evaporative emissions from finished fuel system components such as fuel lines, fuel filler pipes, fuel sender units, connectors and valves.
Standard

Test Method to Measure Fluid Permeation of Polymeric Materials by Speciation

2012-07-30
HISTORICAL
J2659_201207
This test method described in this document covers a procedure to speciate that is, to determine the amounts of each different fuel constituent that permeates across sheets, films or slabs of plastic materials. One side of the sheet is meant to be in contact with either a liquid test fuel or a saturated test fuel vapor, the other side is meant to be exposed to an environment free of fuel. The test fuel can either be a mixture of a small (usually smaller than ten) number of hydrocarbon, alcohol and ether constituents or it can be a sample of a real automotive fuel, e.g., one that may contain hundreds of different constituents. Furthermore, Appendix A contains guidelines to speciate evaporative emissions from finished fuel system components such as fuel lines, fuel filler pipes, fuel sender units, connectors and valves.
Standard

Test Method to Measure Fluid Permeation of Polymeric Materials By Speciation

2003-12-22
HISTORICAL
J2659_200312
This test method described in this document covers a procedure to speciate that is, to determine the amounts of each different fuel constituent that permeates across sheets, films or slabs of plastic materials. One side of the sheet is meant to be in contact with either a liquid test fuel or a saturated test fuel vapor, the other side is meant to be exposed to an environment free of fuel. The test fuel can either be a mixture of a small (usually smaller than ten) number of hydrocarbon, alcohol and ether constituents or it can be a sample of a real automotive fuel, e.g., one that may contain hundreds of different constituents. Furthermore, Appendix A contains guidelines to speciate evaporative emissions from finished fuel system components such as fuel lines, fuel filler pipes, fuel sender units, connectors and valves.
Standard

Standard for Protective Covers for Gasoline Fuel Line Tubing

2013-05-28
CURRENT
J2027_201305
This SAE Standard includes performance requirements for protective covers for flexible, non-metallic fuel tubing. Ultimate performance of the protective cover may be dependent on the interaction of the fuel tubing and protective cover. Therefore, it is recommended that tubing and cover combinations be tested as an assembly, where appropriate, to qualify to this document.
Standard

Recommended Methods for Conducting Corrosion Tests in Hydrocarbon Fuels or Their Surrogates and Their Mixtures with Oxygenated Additives

2013-05-14
CURRENT
J1747_201305
This SAE Recommended Practice presents standardized test methods developed for use in testing with hydrocarbon fuels or their surrogates and those same fuels when blended with oxygenated fuel additives. Hydrocarbon fuels include Gasoline and Diesel fuel or their surrogates described in SAE J1681. Oxygenated additives include Ethanol, Methanol Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE) and Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME or Biodiesel).
Standard

Rated (Advertised) Fuel Capacity - Passenger Car, Multi-Purpose Passenger Vehicles, and Light Duty Trucks

2012-11-01
CURRENT
J398_201211
This recommended practice provides a method for establishing the rated or advertised fuel capacity for a vehicle utilizing liquid fuel at atmospheric pressure. It applies to passenger cars, multi-purpose passenger vehicles and light duty trucks (10 000 lb (4536 kg) maximum GVW), (Ref. SAE J1100). It also includes a standardized procedure for creating a full tank when another test requires that condition as a starting point. It is intended as a guide toward standard practice and is subject to change to keep pace with experience and technical advances.
Standard

Quick Connect Coupling Specification for Liquid Fuel and Vapor/Emissions Systems

2009-08-13
CURRENT
J2044_200908
This SAE Recommended Practice defines the minimum functional requirements for quick connect couplings used for supply, return, and vapor/emission fuel system connections. This document also defines standard male tube end form dimensions, so as to guarantee interchangeability between all connector designs of the same male tube end form size. This document applies to automotive and light truck applications under the following conditions: a Gasoline and diesel fuel delivery systems or their vapor venting or evaporative emission control systems. b Operating pressure up to 500 kPa, 5 bar, (72 psig). c Operating vacuum down to −50 kPa, −0.5 bar (−7.2 psi). d Operating temperatures from −40 °C (−40 °F) to 115 °C (239 °F). Quick connect couplings function by joining the connector to a mating tube end form, then pulling back to assure a complete connection. The requirements stated in this document apply to new connectors in assembly operations unless otherwise indicated.
Standard

Performance Requirements for Fuel System Tubing Assemblies

2012-11-01
CURRENT
J2045_201211
This SAE Standard encompasses the recommended minimum requirements for non-metallic tubing and/or combinations of metallic tubing to non-metallic tubing assemblies manufactured as liquid- and/or vapor-carrying systems designed for use in gasoline, alcohol blends with gasoline, or diesel fuel systems. This SAE Standard is intended to cover tubing assemblies for any portion of a fuel system which operates above −40 °C (−40 °F) and below 115 °C (239 °F), and up to a maximum working gage pressure of 690 kPa (100 psig). The peak intermittent temperature is 115 °C (239 °F). For long-term continuous usage, the temperature shall not exceed 90 °C (194 °F). It should be noted that temperature extremes can affect assemblies in various manners and every effort must be made to determine the operating temperature to which a specific fuel line assembly will be exposed, and design accordingly.
Standard

Optimized Fuel Tank Sender Closure

2019-03-08
CURRENT
J2587_201903
This practice describes recommended performance requirements of fuel tank closures used in conjunction with fuel level senders and fuel delivery systems. It provides guidelines that assure interchangeability and compatibility between fuel tanks and fuel pump/sender closure systems without specifying a specific closure system design. These systems may be used in rigid fuel tank systems made of plastic or metal. Complete details of specific designs shall be established by mutual agreement between customer and supplier. The dimensions and performance requirements are selected to optimize a The closure system, durability and reliability with respect to — Vehicle SHED measurements — Fuel system / crash integrity — LEV – II useful life b Assembly and service ease and reliability c Packaging of fuel tanks and their sending units d Interchangeability of sender closures between various fuel tank designs
Standard

Optimized Fuel Tank Sender Closure

2005-10-25
HISTORICAL
J2587_200510
This practice describes recommended performance requirements of fuel tank closures used in conjunction with fuel level senders and fuel delivery systems. It provides guidelines that assure interchangeability and compatibility between fuel tanks and fuel pump/sender closure systems without specifying a specific closure system design. These systems may be used in rigid fuel tank systems made of plastic or metal. Complete details of specific designs shall be established by mutual agreement between customer and supplier. The dimensions and performance requirements are selected to optimize a The closure system, durability and reliability with respect to — Vehicle SHED measurements — Fuel system / crash integrity — LEV – II useful life b Assembly and service ease and reliability c Packaging of fuel tanks and their sending units d Interchangeability of sender closures between various fuel tank designs
Standard

Nonmetallic Fuel System Tubing with One or More Layers

2004-11-01
CURRENT
J2260_200411
This SAE Standard presents the minimum requirements for nonmetallic tubing with one or more layers manufactured for use as liquid-carrying or vapor-carrying component in fuel systems for gasoline, or alcohol blends with gasoline. Requirements in this document also apply to monowall tubing (one layer construction). When the construction has one or more layers of polymer-based compounds in the wall, the multilayer constructions are primarily for the purpose of improvement in permeation resistance to hydrocarbons found in various fuels. The tube construction can have a straight-wall configuration, a wall that is convoluted or corrugated, or a combination of each. It may have an innermost layer with improved electrical conductivity for use where such a characteristic is desired. The improved electrical conductivity can apply to the entire wall construction, if the tubing is a monowall. (For elastomeric based MLT constructions, refer to SAE J30 and SAE J2405).
Standard

Methods for Determining Physical Properties of Polymeric Materials Exposed to Hydrocarbon Fuels or Their Surrogates and Their Blends with Oxygenated Additives

2007-09-27
HISTORICAL
J1748_200709
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to determining worst-case fuel or test fluid surrogate, conditioning test specimens in worst-case fuel(s)/surrogate(s) prior to testing, individual tests for properties of polymeric materials exposed to oxygenate fuel/surrogate mixtures with additives. The determination of equilibrium, as well as typical calculations are also covered.
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