Wear-Induced Migration of Hot Bands: Models and Comparison with Experiments
Although the radial migration of hot bands has been frequently observed, a systematic investigation of this phenomenon has not yet been performed. The ring-shaped temperature maximum, which occurs on the brake disk, is undesirable because the focused temperatures destroy the local materials in contact. Moreover, a hot band carries a dominant portion of the frictional load. If a hot band moves radially, the braking torque is directly influenced. It is supposed that material wear influences the radial hot band migration. New models demonstrate that wear is indeed the mechanism that triggers hot band migration. First, a minimal model including thermal expansion and a load-dependent loss of material is introduced. The simplicity of the model allows for an understanding of the impact of wear, as well as the mechanisms that lead to a periodic load distribution. This model can be analyzed in terms of complex eigenvalues, showing a periodic load distribution in the sliding plane.