Waste Heat Recovery of Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines by Organic Rankine Cycle Part II: Working Fluids for WHR-ORC
In Part I of this paper, the organic Rankine cycle for waste heat recovery (ORC-WHR) from the heavy-duty diesel truck engines was discussed. This work is Part II of the paper. The efficiency of the ORC-WHR system varies considerably with thermodynamic properties of the working fluid. In this work, characteristics of candidate working fluids are discussed on the basis of the thermodynamic theory. The discussion covers inorganic and organic fluids for both pure fluids and binary-mixture fluids. On the basis of the characteristics of the working fluids, the thermal efficiency for the ORC-WHR system is analyzed. Discussions and conclusions of this paper are helpful in selecting proper working fluids for the ORC-WHR system and determining a proper temperature range for system operations.