The Potential of HCCI Combustion for High Efficiency and Low Emissions
Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) engines can have efficiencies as high as compression-ignition, direct-injection (CIDI) engines (an advanced version of the commonly known diesel engine), while producing ultra-low emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and particulate matter (PM). HCCI engines can operate on gasoline, diesel fuel, and most alternative fuels. While HCCI has been demonstrated and known for quite some time, only the recent advent of electronic sensors and controls has made HCCI engines a potential practical reality. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of the current state-of-the-art in HCCI technology, estimates the potential benefits HCCI engines could bring to U.S. transportation vehicles, and lists the R&D barriers that need to be overcome before HCCI engines might be considered for commercial application.