Transient Analysis of the Piston Temperature with Consideration of In-cylinder Phenomena Using Engine Measurement and Heat Transfer Simulation Coupled with Three-dimensional Combustion Simulation
This study examined a method of predicting the piston temperature in reciprocating internal combustion engines with the aim of developing lightweight pistons. Since the piston temperature is strongly affected by the in-cylinder temperature distribution and turbulence, it is necessary to consider the effects of flame propagation, cooling by the intake air, temperature rise due to combustion, in-cylinder flow and the combustion chamber shape. A three-dimensional combustion simulation that can take these effects into consideration was run to calculate the heat transfer coefficient from the piston crown surface and the gas temperature. The results were used as the boundary conditions for an analysis of heat transfer from the piston, and a method was thus developed for analyzing the piston temperature.