The Effects of Intake Pressure on In-Cylinder Gas Velocities in an Optically Accessible Single-Cylinder Research Engine
Particle image velocimetry measurements of the in-cylinder flow in an optically accessible single-cylinder research engine were taken to better understand the effects of intake pressure variations on the flow field. At a speed of 1500 rpm, the engine was run at six different intake pressure loads from 0.4 to 0.95 bar under motored operation. The average velocity fields show that the tumble center position is located closer to the piston and velocity magnitudes decrease with increasing pressure load. A closer investigation of the intake flow near the valves reveals sharp temporal gradients and differences in maximum and minimum velocity with varying intake pressure load which are attributed to intake pressure oscillations. Despite measures to eliminate acoustic oscillations in the intake system, high-frequency pressure oscillations are shown to be caused by the backflow of air from the exhaust to the intake pipe when the valves open, exciting acoustic modes in the fluid volume.