Simulation of High Efficiency Heavy Duty SI Engines Using Direct Injection of Alcohol for Knock Avoidance
The use of direct injection (DI) of a second fuel, ethanol or methanol (or their concentrated blends), is explored, via simulation, as a means of avoiding knock in turbocharged, high compression ratio spark-ignited engines that could replace diesels in certain vocational applications. The Ethanol Turbo Boost ™ concept uses the second fuel only under conditions of high torque to avoid knock, while using only conventional gasoline throughout the rest of the engine operating range. This approach is an attractive alternative for heavy duty vehicles that operate intermittently at high torque and within a confined locale, reducing the logistical issues of supplying the knock-suppressing fuel. The combination of GT-Power for engine calculations and a sophisticated chemical kinetics code for predicting knock were used in the study.