The Dynamic Effect of Residual Gas Temperature on Combustion Torque at Idle
The amount of residual gas present in the cylinder has a well documented effect on the combustion event at idle. The high levels of burnt gas present at low engine speed leads to significant cyclic variability. This paper presents research which indicates that the temperature of the residual gas, which can vary from event to event depending on the spark timing, also has a significant effect on the combustion torque. The more the spark timing is retarded from MBT timing, the more thermal energy is present in the exhaust gas. The idle speed control strategy typically varies the spark to give fast torque actuation for good speed regulation and hence the temperature of the residual gas may change significantly within the space of a few events. The paper shows evidence of the phenomenon (with fixed engine speed and air mass flow) and discusses possible causes. It then proceeds to develop a dynamic model for the behaviour.