Soot Morphology Effects on DPF Performance
This paper presents a lumped parameter (LP) model to compute diesel soot morphology, in terms of radii of gyration and fractal diameters, starting from the engine operating conditions. The global soot production inside the combustion chamber is evaluated, too. Such a model represents an enhancement of a previously developed LP approach in which the loading and regeneration processes inside a Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) are investigated. The performance of the DPF during loading is evaluated according to soot layer thickness and pressure drop; the characteristics of soot morphology and particulate deposit are accounted for during the regeneration. Results are presented and validated by means of comparison to those obtained by experimental measures and 3D CFD simulations.