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Standard

Thrust Washers – Design and Application

2011-06-13
CURRENT
J924_201106
This SAE Standard presents the basic size and tolerance information for the design and manufacture of thrust washers. In most cases, the standard employs nominal figures in both metric and inch-pound units and, therefore, does not necessarily provide exact equivalents.
Standard

Spring-Loaded Clutch Spin Test Procedure

1973-12-01
HISTORICAL
J1073_197312
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to spring-loaded clutches such as are used with manual shift type transmissions. This document is intended to provide a uniform test procedure for spring- loaded clutches to determine rotative speeds at which they will either burst or withstand a specified limiting speed.
Standard

Spark Arrester Test Procedure for Large Size Engines

2013-03-26
CURRENT
J342_201303
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes equipment and procedures for the evaluation of the effectiveness and other performance characteristics of spark arresters or turbochargers used on the exhaust system of large engines normally used in a railroad locomotive, stationary power plant, and other similar applications. This document does not cover applications requiring flame arresting, exhaust gas cooling, or isolation from explosive gases. Two test methods are presented: a laboratory test using ambient air (cold test) and an engine test using exhaust gases (hot test). The hot test is preferred. Arresters tested by the provisions of this document can be expected to perform as tested when tilted no more than 45 degrees from their normal position. Test results from a spark arrester or turbocharger evaluated by the hot test can be applied to different engines of similar design, provided the data shows it to be effective in the applicable flow ranges.
Standard

Spark Arrester Test Carbon

2013-03-26
CURRENT
J997_201303
This SAE Standard establishes physical properties required of SAE Coarse Test Carbon and SAE Fine Test Carbon and establishes test methods to ensure that these requirements are met.
Standard

SPARK ARRESTER TEST PROCEDURE FOR MEDIUM SIZE ENGINES

1991-01-01
CURRENT
J350_199101
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes equipment and procedures for testing spark arresters used on medium-size, single-position internal combustion engines, normally used in transportable, stationary, and vehicular applications, such as highway trucks, agricultural tractors, industrial tractors, other mobile equipment, and motorcycles. This document provides two methods of testing (laboratory testing and engine testing) which may be used to evaluate a spark arrester. It also includes special requirements for screen type devices and an endurance test procedure for screen type spark arresters.
Standard

Overcenter Clutch Spin Test Procedure

2012-10-23
CURRENT
J1079_201210
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to driving ring type overcenter clutches such as are used in industrial power takeoffs.
Standard

Manual Transmission and Transaxle Efficiency and Parasitic Loss Measurement

2011-09-02
CURRENT
J2453_201109
Because of the intense focus on CAFE and fuel emission standards, optimization of the automobile drivetrain is imperative. In light of this, component efficiencies have become an important factor in the drivetrain decision-making process. It has therefore become necessary to develop a universal standard to judge transmission efficiency. This SAE Recommended Practice specifies the dynamometer test procedure which maps a manual transmission’s efficiency. The document is separated into two parts. The first compares input and output torque throughout a specified input speed range in order to determine “in-gear” transmission efficiency. The second procedure measures parasitic losses experienced while in neutral at nominal idling speeds and also churning losses while in gear. The application of this document is intended for passenger car and light truck. All references to transmissions throughout this document include transaxles.
Standard

Instrumentation and Techniques for Exhaust Gas Emissions Measurement

1971-06-01
HISTORICAL
J254_197106
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes uniform laboratory techniques for the continuous and bag-sample measurement of various constituents in the exhaust gas of the gasoline engines installed in passenger cars and light-duty trucks. The report concentrates on the measurement of the following components in exhaust gas: hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), oxygen (O2), and nitrogen oxides (NOx). NOx is the sum of nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2). A complete procedure for testing vehicles may be found in SAE J1094.
Standard

Instrumentation and Techniques for Exhaust Gas Emissions Measurement

1984-08-01
HISTORICAL
J254_198408
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes uniform laboratory techniques for the continuous and bag-sample measurement of various constituents in the exhaust gas of the gasoline engines installed in passenger cars and light-duty trucks. The report concentrates on the measurement of the following components in exhaust gas: hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), oxygen (O2), and nitrogen oxides (NOx). NOx is the sum of nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2). A complete procedure for testing vehicles may be found in SAE J1094.
Standard

Instrumentation and Techniques for Exhaust Gas Emissions Measurement

1993-09-09
HISTORICAL
J254_199309
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes uniform laboratory techniques for the continuous and bag-sample measurement of various constituents in the exhaust gas of the gasoline engines installed in passenger cars and light-duty trucks. The report concentrates on the measurement of the following components in exhaust gas: hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), oxygen (O2), and nitrogen oxides (NOx). NOx is the sum of nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2). A complete procedure for testing vehicles may be found in SAE J1094.
Standard

Impact of Alternative Fuels on Engine Test and Reporting Procedures

1988-03-01
HISTORICAL
J1515_198803
The guidelines in this SAE Information Report are directed at laboratory engine dynamometer test procedures with alternative fuels, and they are applicable to four-stroke cycle spark ignition (SI) and diesel (CI) engines (naturally aspirated or pressure charged, with or without charge air cooling). A brief overview of investigations with some alternative fuels can be found in SAE J1297. Other SAE documents covering vehicle, engine, or component testing may be affected by use of alternative fuels. Some of the documents that may be affected can be found in Appendix A. Guidelines are provided for the engine power test code (SAE J1349) in Appendix D. The principles of these guidelines may apply to other procedures and codes, but the effects have not been investigated. The report is organized into four technical sections, each dealing with an important aspect of testing or reporting of results when using alternative fuels.
Standard

Engine and Transmission Dipstick Marking

2011-06-13
CURRENT
J614_201106
This SAE Recommended Practice provides information useful in the marking of engine and transmission dipsticks used for fluid level indication.
Standard

Engine Terminology and Nomenclature - General

2011-08-05
CURRENT
J604_201108
This SAE Recommended Practice is applicable to all types of reciprocating engines including two-stroke cycle and free piston engines, and was prepared to facilitate clear understanding and promote uniformity in nomenclature. Modifying adjectives in some cases were omitted for simplicity. However, it is good practice to use adjectives when they add to clarity and understanding.
Standard

Diesel Smoke Measurement Procedure

1973-01-01
HISTORICAL
J35_197301
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to the dynamometer test procedure which can be used to assess the smoke emission characteristics of vehicular diesel engines. In particular, this procedure describes the smoke test cycle, equipment and instrumentation, instrument checks, chart reading, and calculation for evaluation of an engine's transient smoke emission characteristic. In addition, this procedure offers guidelines to be used in establishing correlation between full flow in-line and end-of-line opacimeters. Since the type of test described here is transient in nature, a fast responding full flow opacimeter is required for the smoke measurements. Slow responding or sampling, or both, type instruments must not be used since they typically have excessive and variable response delays and do not provide an accurate measurement of an engine's transient smoke characteristics.
Standard

Diesel Smoke Measurement Procedure

1988-09-01
HISTORICAL
J35_198809
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to the dynamometer test procedure which can be used to assess the smoke emission characteristics of vehicular diesel engines. In particular, this procedure describes the smoke test cycle, equipment and instrumentation, instrument checks, chart reading, and calculation for evaluation of an engine's transient smoke emission characteristic. In addition, this procedure offers guidelines to be used in establishing correlation between full flow in-line and end-of-line opacimeters. Since the type of test described here is transient in nature, a fast responding full flow opacimeter is required for the smoke measurements. Slow responding or sampling, or both, type instruments must not be used since they typically have excessive and variable response delays and do not provide an accurate measurement of an engine's transient smoke characteristics.
Standard

Diesel Emission Production Audit Test Procedure

2002-10-21
CURRENT
J1243_200210
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to a production dynamometer test procedure which can be used to measure the smoke and gaseous emission characteristics of vehicular diesel engines. This procedure describes the smoke emission test method, smoke test cycle, gaseous emission test method, steady-state gaseous emission test cycle, equipment, instrumentation, calibration, data analysis, and correlation of results for comparison of production engine emission performance to the requirements of current or past Federal regulations. Variations in engines, instrumentation, and test equipment may require modifications to these procedures or data reduction methods. The acceptability of this procedure is dependent upon documented statistical data appropriate to correlate all tests, data reduction techniques, and special instrumentation to the required Federal tests.
Standard

Diesel Emission Production Audit Test Procedure

1988-05-01
HISTORICAL
J1243_198805
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to a production dynamometer test procedure which can be used to measure the smoke and gaseous emission characteristics of vehicular diesel engines. This procedure describes the smoke emission test method, smoke test cycle, gaseous emission test method, steady-state gaseous emission test cycle, equipment, instrumentation, calibration, data analysis, and correlation of results for comparison of production engine emission performance to the requirements of current or past Federal regulations. Variations in engines, instrumentation, and test equipment may require modifications to these procedures or data reduction methods. The acceptability of this procedure is dependent upon documented statistical data appropriate to correlate all tests, data reduction techniques, and special instrumentation to the required Federal tests.
Standard

Diesel Emission Production Audit Test Procedure

1979-08-01
HISTORICAL
J1243_197908
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to a production dynamometer test procedure which can be used to measure the smoke and gaseous emission characteristics of vehicular diesel engines. This procedure describes the smoke emission test method, smoke test cycle, gaseous emission test method, steady-state gaseous emission test cycle, equipment, instrumentation, calibration, data analysis, and correlation of results for comparison of production engine emission performance to the requirements of current or past Federal regulations. Variations in engines, instrumentation, and test equipment may require modifications to these procedures or data reduction methods. The acceptability of this procedure is dependent upon documented statistical data appropriate to correlate all tests, data reduction techniques, and special instrumentation to the required Federal tests.
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