Optical Diagnostics for Knock in Compression-Ignition Engines via High-Speed Imaging
Knocking combustion is associated with extremely high in-cylinder pressure rise rates, strong pressure oscillations, destructive engine vibration, as well as audible noise. It not only exists in spark-ignition (SI) engines but also in compression-ignition (CI) engines, for both conventional Diesel and more premixed modes of combustion. Recent work showed that during Diesel knock the flame’s motion synchronizes with the in-cylinder pressure ringing. To improve the optical method and investigate knock in CI engines further, we imaged the flame luminosity with n-dodecane as a Diesel surrogate in an optically accessible engine during knock at very high frame rates (60 kHz). First, the knocking time interval was determined based on the temporal variation of the mean image intensity. Within this time interval, the instantaneous flow fields were calculated by “optical flow” based on cross-correlation.