Optical Investigations on a Mitsubishi GDI-Engine in the Driving Mode
Optical investigations using optical fibres were carried out in the first available direct injection SI-engine, the Mitsubishi GDI, in the driving mode. The optical access to the combustion chamber was realized by 8 optical sensors evenly distributed in a ring on the ground electrode of the standard spark plug. All investigations, steady state (constant load and velocity) and unsteady state (engine starts), show, that there is preferred flame propagation to the intake valves, caused by a reverse tumble in-cylinder flow. As the inflammation depends on thermodynamic conditions, flow characteristics and the actual air/fuel-ratio at the spark plug, the optical sensors can be used to describe the quality of stratification.