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Book

Whiplash Injuries

1996-04-01
This publication looks at whiplash from a variety of perspectives. A compendium of technical presentations, Whiplash Injuries is broken into four parts: General Aspects Physiopathology Evaluation and Treatment Published by Springer-Verlag. Distributed by SAE.
Book

Vehicle Occupant Restraint Systems: Trends, Companies, Market Forecasts to 2020

2012-07-01
With an ever greater value placed on safety by consumers, vehicle manufacturers around the world are rushing to develop new and innovative safety systems. The average safety content per vehicle has risen 17% since 2004 to around $270 per car in 2012. And this figure is set to grow, both in the established markets of North America, Western Europe and Japan, as well as the developing markets such as China and Brazil. But although the prospects look good for the major suppliers of conventional and advanced occupant safety systems, increasing unit growth will be partly offset by strong pricing pressure from vehicle manufacturers. Brand new research on automotive vehicle occupant restraint systems The 2012 edition of this report reviews the key market drivers for vehicle occupant restraint systems, extending and updating the analysis originally published in 2004, as well as reviewing the trends in the intervening eight years.
Book

Vehicle Compatibility in Automotive Crashes

2005-03-29
For years, reducing the number of traffic-related fatalities and injuries has been a major problem throughout the world. Today, it has gained much more momentum in view of rapidly increasing SUV, van, and light-truck populations relative to the number of passenger cars, and due to significant improvements in technologies that facilitate a better understanding of the interaction dynamics among widely differing size vehicles. Unless disparities in crashworthiness among vehicles of different masses, sizes, and structural characteristics in mixed crash environments are successfully taken into account, the challenge toward improved vehicle safety will continue. This two-part compendium provides the most comprehensive information available on the entire spectrum of vehicle crash compatibility. The first part presents oral comments captured from the 2003 SAE World Congress panel discussion on compatibility.
Book

Vehicle Battery Fires: Why They Happen and How They Happen

2017-01-15
Battery Fires: Why They Happen and How They Happen was written to assist those interested in this type of incident understand how automotive fires develop, spread and the damage they cause, using both deductive and inductive reasoning. The main focus of the book resides in looking at differences in failure modes between DC and AC systems, general types of battery and electrical failure modes leading to fire, how to interpret electrical fire, determination of the primary failed part, and other skills the investigating engineer will require to perform technical failure mode analysis. However, some fires have consumed the evidence to the point where a determination cannot be made with any degree of certainty. In this instance, evidence will be quite limited, and the analysis will have its limitations and should be included in the discussion as such. In some cases, a “cause undetermined” report is all the evidence will support.
Book

Vehicle Accident Analysis and Reconstruction Methods, Second Edition

2011-04-12
Designed for the experienced practitioner, this new book aims to help reconstruction specialists with problems they may encounter in everyday analysis. The authors demonstrate how to take the physics behind accidents out of the idealized world and into practical situations. Real-world examples are used to illustrate the methods, clarify important concepts, and provide practical applications to those working in the field. Thoroughly revised, this new edition builds on the original exploration of accident analysis, reconstruction, and vehicle design. Enhanced with new material and improved chapters on key topics, an expanded glossary of automotive terms, and a bibliography at the end of the book providing further reading suggestions make this an essential resource reference for engineers involved in litigation, forensic investigation, automotive safety, and crash reconstruction.
Book

V2V/V2I Communications for Improved Road Safety and Efficiency

2012-08-02
Millions of automobile accidents occur worldwide each year. Some of the most serious are rear-end crashes, side crashes within intersections, and crashes that occur when cars change lanes or drift into a lane. The holy grail of traffic safety is to avoid automobile accidents altogether. To that end, major automakers, governments, and universities are working on systems that allow vehicles to communicate with one another as well as the surrounding infrastructure (V2V/V2I for short). These systems show promise for such functions as intersection assist, left-turn assist, do-not-pass warning, advance warning of a vehicle braking ahead, forward-collision warning, and blind-spot/lane-change warning. This compendium explores the challenges in developing these systems and provides the latest developments in V2V/V2I technology. It begins with a series of overview news stories and articles from SAE’s magazines on the progress in this technology.
Book

Transformations: Selected Works of G.B. Olson on Materials, Microstrucutre, and Design

2017-01-01
ASM International and The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society (TMS) have collaborated to present a collection of the selected works of Dr. Greg B. Olson in honor of his 70th birthday in 2017. This collection highlights his influential contributions to the understanding of martensite transformations and the development and application of a systems design approach to materials. Part I: Martensite, with an Introduction by Sir Harry Bhadeshia, emphasizes Dr. Olson's work to develop a dislocation theory for martensite transformations, to improve the understanding of the statistical nature of martensite nucleation, and to expand use of quantitative microscopy to characterize phase transformations. Part II: Materials Design, with an Introduction by Dr. Charles Kuehmann, focuses on the application of a systems design approach to materials and the development of integrated computational design curriculum for undergraduate education.
Book

Toyota Technical Review 2010

2010-08-01
Giving unique insight into Toyota's 2010 technical developments, this book includes 19 papers that chronicle the Japanese OEM's R&D activities in a variety of technologies during that year. This volume takes a special look at the Prius, Toyota's popular hybrid, along with other technical innovations. Title highlights include: Prius Technology • Hybrid Technologies in the 3rd Generation Prius • Chassis Development for the 3rd Generation Prius • Design of the Prius as an Eco-Icon Other Technical Areas • Introduction of the World's First Rear Seat Occupant Restraint System for Rear-End Collisions • Development of Fuel Consumption Estimation Technology Using VHDL-AMS • Development of Electrode Structure for High Performance Fuel Cell Using CAE
Book

Toyota R&D Technical Review 2009

2009-08-01
Giving unique insight into Toyota's 2009 technical developments, this book includes 24 papers that chronicle the Japanese OEM's R&D activities during that year. This volume has a special focus on automotive safety and ITS, and 12 of the papers highlight developments in those areas. Title highlights include: Safety and ITS • The Evolution of GOA for Crash Safety • Pre-Crash Safety: Autonomous Integrated Safety Technology • Assist System for Enhancing Driver Vision at Night Other Technical Areas • A Study on Friction Materials for Reducing Brake Squeal by Nanotechnology • Newly Developed AR Engine Series • Development of Bio-Based Plastics for Injection Molding
Book

The Safety of Controllers, Sensors, and Actuators: Book 5 - Automated Vehicle Safety

2019-03-07
Safety has been ranked as the number one concern for the acceptance and adoption of automated vehicles since safety has driven some of the most complex requirements in the development of self-driving vehicles. Recent fatal accidents involving self-driving vehicles have uncovered issues in the way some automated vehicle companies approach the design, testing, verification, and validation of their products. Traditionally, automotive safety follows functional safety concepts as detailed in the standard ISO 26262. However, automated driving safety goes beyond this standard and includes other safety concepts such as safety of the intended functionality (SOTIF) and multi-agent safety. The Safety of Controllers, Sensors, and Actuators addresses the concept of safety for self-driving vehicles through the inclusion of 10 recent and highly relevent SAE technical papers.
Book

The Role of ISO 26262: Book 4 - Automated Vehicle Safety

2019-03-07
Safety has been ranked as the number one concern for the acceptance and adoption of automated vehicles since safety has driven some of the most complex requirements in the development of self-driving vehicles. Recent fatal accidents involving self-driving vehicles have uncovered issues in the way some automated vehicle companies approach the design, testing, verification, and validation of their products. Traditionally, automotive safety follows functional safety concepts as detailed in the standard ISO 26262. However, automated driving safety goes beyond this standard and includes other safety concepts such as safety of the intended functionality (SOTIF) and multi-agent safety. The Role of ISO 26262 addresses the concept of safety for self-driving vehicles through the inclusion of 10 recent and highly relevent SAE technical papers.
Book

The Paths of Soaring Flight

2004-01-01
This book is concerned with the sport of soaring, mainly with the mathematical basis of sailplane design and operation. It does not tell the beginner how to fly, but it will give an experienced pilot some background, with historical notes showing how ideas have evolved and could develop in the future. Some of the material is taken from OSTIV (Organisation Scientifique et Technique Internationale de Vol a Viole) publications and from Technical Soaring, neither of which is readily available to the general public. Extensive references are provided in each chapter.
Book

The Passenger Car Body

2000-11-01
This book focuses on body design in terms of deformation and repair behavior and on all aspects of the repair field in general. Special emphasis is placed on the latest findings from research and technology as well as on findings gathered from countless accident and crash tests. Recommendations for the cost-effective repair of accident damage round off the contents.
Book

The Debate Between Stiff and Yielding Seats

2004-01-16
In 1967, Derwyn M. Severy and his colleagues published several SAE papers that demonstrated improvements in occupant retention with rigid (stiff) seats, sparking a debate that lasted for nearly four decades. The Debate Between Stiff and Yielding Seats presents an interesting and informative history of this debate, delving into the many questions and answers that continue to surround each of these seat types. The Debate Between Stiff and Yielding Seats begins with new material from editor David C. Viano, explaining the key factors that allowed the debate to be resolved. The publication then analyzes the effects of stiff and yielding seats on various crash scenarios, followed by an exploration of high retention seats. Patent information, new studies, and historical information are also included, making this comprehensive collection an essential resource for any safety professional's library.
Book

The Car Hacker's Handbook: A Guide for the Penetration Tester

2016-03-01
Modern cars are more computerized than ever, with the aim to make driving more convenient. But vehicle technologies haven’t kept pace with today’s more hostile security environment, leaving millions vulnerable to attack. This handbook will give you a deeper understanding of the computer systems and embedded software in modern vehicles. It begins by examining vulnerabilities and providing detailed explanations of communications over the CAN bus and between devices and systems. With an understanding of a vehicle’s communication network, you’ll learn how to intercept data and perform specific hacks to track vehicles, unlock doors, glitch engines, flood communication, and more.
Book

The Business of Winning

2007-01-01
Motorsport Valley® is the dynamic motorsport industry cluster of companies whose global influence is as strong as ever. Learn more about the innovative technologies which continue to deliver world-beating success in the outstanding MIA publication - The Business of Winning. In-depth, up-to-the-minute features and case studies fill the full-colour 100-plus pages. The Business of Winning analyses the pioneering ideas, processes and capabilities that characterize Motorsport Valley® and UK high-performance engineering and features exciting images which bring the story to life. The Business of Winning, supported by UK Trade & Investment, focuses on the successful companies that comprise Motorsport Valley and highlights their presence at the forefront of the global motorsport industry. This is THE case-study source for customers, business leaders, researchers, students and fans.
Book

Successful Prediction of Product Performance

2016-09-12
The ability to successfully predict industrial product performance during service life provides benefits for producers and users. This book addresses methods to improve product quality, reliability, and durability during the product life cycle, along with methods to avoid costs that can negatively impact profitability plans. The methods presented can be applied to reducing risk in the research and design processes and integration with manufacturing methods to successfully predict product performance. This approach incorporates components that are based on simulations in the laboratory. The results are combined with in-field testing to determine degradation parameters. These approaches result in improvements to product quality, performance, safety, profitability, and customer satisfaction.
Book

State-of-the-Art Infrared Detector Technology

2014-01-01
Scientists, engineers, managers, and policy makers who are currently involved in the funding of infrared R&D and subsequent system design and manufacture are confronted with a choice between two competing materials technologies, HgCdTe and III-V alloys. State-of-the-Art Infrared Detector Technology examines both the current and future performance of infrared focal plane arrays that use the various device architectures associated with these two materials technologies. All spectral bands from long wavelength (LWIR) through mid-wavelength (MWIR) to short wavelength (SWIR) are considered, ultimately with a view to achieving background and diffraction-limited system performance at room temperature for all wavelengths.
Book

Stapp Car Crash Journal Vol. 62, 2018

2019-04-30
This title includes the technical papers developed for the 2018 Stapp Car Crash Conference, the premier forum for the presentation of research in impact biomechanics, human injury tolerance, and related fields, advancing the knowledge of land-vehicle crash injury protection. The conference provides an opportunity to participate in open discussion about the causes and mechanisms of injury, experimental methods and tools for use in impact biomechanics research, and the development of new concepts for reducing injuries and fatalities in automobile crashes.
Book

Stapp Car Crash Journal Vol. 61, 2017

2017-11-09
This title includes the technical papers developed for the 2017 Stapp Car Crash Conference, the premier forum for the presentation of research in impact biomechanics, human injury tolerance, and related fields, advancing the knowledge of land-vehicle crash injury protection. The conference provides an opportunity to participate in open discussion about the causes and mechanisms of injury, experimental methods and tools for use in impact biomechanics research, and the development of new concepts for reducing injuries and fatalities in automobile crashes. The topics covered this year include: • Biomechanics in Dynamic Compression • Influence of Seating Position • Restraint Design for Occupant Protection • Mitigating Neck Injuries • Anthropomorphic Test Devices • Crash Data Analysis • Injury and effect of directional impacts • Pedestrian and cyclist injury factors and testing
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