Fundamental Studies on ATF Friction, Part II
Interactions between automatic transmission fluid (ATF) components and composite friction materials and their effect on friction system performance continues to be an active area of interest to the automotive industry. A more fundamental understanding is needed of how base fluids, ATF additives, friction materials, and transmission design interact to produce the observed transmission system performance and durability. We herein report results from investigations carried out using a relatively thermo-oxidatively stable polyalphaolefin (PAO) base fluid treated with components representative of several additive types we previously reported to have significant negative effects on frictional performance. Secondly, we investigated a conventionally refined 150 N base oil treated with a calcium sulfonate detergent previously shown to improve friction performance.