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Technical Paper

Valve Rocker Arm Material for Investment Casting

In order to develop the valve rocker arm material for the new type engine, we investigated various materials whose chemical compositions were selected using 30% chromium cast iron, which had shown good results in screening evaluation tests, as the basis. High chromium cast irons are well known for their abrasive wear resistance, but it has been very difficult to apply them for use as rocker arm material because their machinability is very poor, and because it is difficult for them to have a regular microstructure. In this paper, both the manufacturing method for the rocker arm which decreases the disadvantages that high chromium cast iron have and the rocker arm material best suited for this method are described.
Technical Paper

Development of the Camshaft with Surface Remelted Chilled Layer

A camshaft for an automobile engine is generally made of chilled cast iron. But, because of increased demand for higher performance engines, a camshaft with many camshaft has been expected. The cam intervals were necessarily narrow. So it was difficult to manufacture the conventional chilled cast iron camshaft at a moderate price. In the case of a rocker-arm type valve mechanism, higher wear resistance was necessary. After due consideration to solve these problems, development of surface remelted chilled layer camshafts by Toyota's unique manufacturing method has been accomplished. In 1984 Toyota Motor Corporation started the mass-production of this camshaft, first for the new 1.0 liter 1E engine, and then for the 1.3 liter 2E engine. In this paper, the excellent wear resistance, the low manufacturing cost and the characteristic manufacturing method are described.