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PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF HYDRAULIC FLUIDS

1975-05-01
HISTORICAL
AIR1362
This report presents data on hydraulic fluids which are of interest to detail designers of hydraulic systems and components for military flight vehicles. The data pertain to fluids conforming to specifications MIL-H-5606, MIL-H-8446, MIL-H-27601, and MIL-H-83282.
Standard

Importance of Physical and Chemical Properties of Aircraft Hydraulic Fluids

2016-04-20
HISTORICAL
AIR81D
This document discusses the relative merits of the physical and chemical properties of hydraulic fluids in relation to the aerospace hydraulic system design, and the related materials compatibility. The discussion in this report applies both to hydrocarbon and phosphate ester based aircraft hydraulic fluids. In some cases, numerical limits are suggested, but, in general, the significance and effect of a property is noted qualitatively.
Standard

Importance of Physical and Chemical Properties of Aircraft Hydraulic Fluids

2011-02-08
HISTORICAL
AIR81C
This document discusses the relative merits of the physical and chemical properties of hydraulic fluids in relation to the aerospace hydraulic system design, and the related materials compatibility. The discussion in this report applies both to hydrocarbon and phosphate ester based aircraft hydraulic fluids. In some cases, numerical limits are suggested, but, in general, the significance and effect of a property is noted qualitatively.
Standard

Importance of Physical and Chemical Properties of Aircraft Hydraulic Fluids

2019-10-02
CURRENT
AIR81E
This document discusses the relative merits of the physical and chemical properties of hydraulic fluids in relation to the aerospace hydraulic system design, and the related materials compatibility. The discussion in this report applies both to hydrocarbon and phosphate ester based aircraft hydraulic fluids. In some cases, numerical limits are suggested, but, in general, the significance and effect of a property is noted qualitatively.
Standard

Importance of Physical and Chemical Properties of Aircraft Hydraulic Fluids

1991-11-01
HISTORICAL
AIR81
This report discusses the characteristics of hydraulic fluids and evaluates their importance, not only from the standpoint of fluid formulation, but also in their effect on aero-space hydraulic system design and the materials used in the components of the system. In some cases numerical parameter limits are suggested, but, in general, the effect of a parameter is the basic consideration. Not only must the characteristics of the fluid be considered in the design of a hydraulic system in which it is to be used, but also the characteristics of the system will affect the extent of the importance of the various characteristics of the fluid. In each individual system, as it employs a fluid, the characteristics of the fluid must be assessed with their immediate import and weighed in considering their effects on the system design requirements based upon the variables of system environment, function and basic design.
Standard

Hydrocarbon-Based Hydraulic Fluid Properties

2000-12-01
HISTORICAL
AIR81B
This document discusses the relative merits of the properties of hydrocarbon-based hydraulic fluid in relation to the fluid formulation, aerospace hydraulic system design and the related materials compatibility. In some cases, numerical limits are suggested, but, in general, the effect of a property is noted qualitatively. The properties of the fluid must be considered in the design of a hydraulic system, but it is possible to design a system to be less sensitive, or more robust, to a particular fluid property. For this reason, the property of the hydraulic fluid must be weighed for each individual hydraulic system, taking into account the system's basic design, function and environment, as well as the fluid toxicity and disposal issues. Besides the hydraulic system itself, ground handling and servicing needs of the system must also be considered. The only absolute characteristic of a hydraulic fluid is that it be a liquid throughout the range of use.
Standard

HYDROCARBON-BASED HYDRAULIC FLUID PROPERTIES

1995-03-01
HISTORICAL
AIR81A
This document discusses the relative merits of the properties of hydrocarbon-based hydraulic fluid in relation to the fluid formulation, aerospace hydraulic system design and the related materials compatibility. In some cases, numerical limits are suggested, but, in general, the effect of a property is noted qualitatively. The properties of the fluid must be considered in the design of a hydraulic system, but it is possible to design a system to be less sensitive, or more robust, to a particular fluid property. For this reason, the property of the hydraulic fluid must be weighed for each individual hydraulic system, taking into account the system's basic design, function and environment, as well as the fluid toxicity and disposal issues. Besides the hydraulic system itself, ground handling and servicing needs of the system must also be considered. The only absolute characteristic of a hydraulic fluid is that it be a liquid throughout the range of use.
Standard

Fluid Properties

1999-11-01
HISTORICAL
AIR1116A
This report summarizes data relative to liquid fluids and their properties which are of interest to Aerospace Fluid Power technologists.
Standard

Fluid Properties

2013-06-18
CURRENT
AIR1116B
This report summarizes data relative to liquid fluids and their properties which are of interest to Aerospace Fluid Power technologists.
Standard

Fire Resistant Phosphate Ester Hydraulic Fluid for Aircraft

2016-09-16
CURRENT
AS1241D
This document establishes the requirements for physical and chemical properties and the minimum tests to evaluate suitability of phosphate ester hydraulic fluids for use in aircraft systems where fire resistance is required. Additional tests may be specified by the qualifying agency to demonstrate compliance with their specific requirements. The "qualifying agency" will be defined herein to be the airframe manufacturer submitting certification approval for use of the fluid in a specific model airplane. Fluids meeting the requirements of this specification may be approved by a qualifying agency for use on specific airplane models. Data used to show compliance to this specification can be used by the qualifying agency to show compliance to the applicable regulations for the appropriate certifying authority; e.g., FAA, EASA, etc.
Standard

Fire Resistant Phosphate Ester Hydraulic Fluid for Aircraft

1997-09-01
HISTORICAL
AS1241C
This document establishes the requirements for physical and chemical properties and the minimum tests to evaluate suitability of phosphate ester hydraulic fluids for use in aircraft systems where fire resistance is required. Additional tests may be specified by procuring agencies to demonstrate compliance with specific requirements.
Standard

FLUID PROPERTIES

1992-07-01
HISTORICAL
AIR1116
This report summarizes data relative to liquid fluids and their properties which are of interest to Aerospace Fluid Power technologists.
Standard

FIRE RESISTANT PHOSPHATE ESTER HYDRAULIC FLUID FOR AIRCRAFT

1992-02-18
HISTORICAL
AS1241B
This document establishes the requirements for physical and chemical properties and the minimum tests to evaluate suitability of phosphate ester hydraulic fluids for use in aircraft systems where fire resistance is required. Additional tests may be specified by procuring agencies to demonstrate compliance with specific requirements.
Standard

Degradation Limits of Mil-H-5606B Hydraulic Fluid

1968-01-01
HISTORICAL
AIR810A
This information report discusses the causes and effects and recommends tolerance limits for the degradaticin of MIL-H-5606B Hydraulic Fluid. Changes in the fluid can arise (1) in the original containers, (2) when it is introduced into the system or added to it during servicing operations, and (3) in the hydraulic system itself as a function of its operation. These changes will be discussed in the light of specification requirements.
Standard

Degradation Limits of MIL-PRF-5606, MIL-PRF-83282, and MIL-PRF-87257 Hydraulic Fluids Used in Hydraulic Test Stands

2019-10-10
WIP
AIR810E
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) presents data on normally accepted changes in physical properties and contamination levels for MIL-PRF-5606, MIL-PRF-83282, and MIL-PRF-87257 hydraulic fluids used in hydraulic test stands. This information is of importance to all users of hydraulic test stands to assure the performance data obtained on these test stands for specific components will not be adversely affected by excessive changes in fluid properties or contamination levels.
Standard

Degradation Limits of Hydrocarbon-Based Hydraulic Fluids, MIL-PRF-5606, MIL-PRF-83282, and MIL-PRF-87257 Used in Hydraulic Test Stands

2013-04-22
CURRENT
AIR810D
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) presents data on normally accepted changes in physical properties and contamination levels for military hydraulic fluids used in hydraulic test stands. This information is of importance to all users of hydraulic test stands to assure the performance data obtained on these test stands for specific components will not be adversely affected by excessive changes in fluid properties or contamination levels. The data pertains to fluids conforming to specifications MIL-PRF-5606, MIL-PRF-83282, and MIL-PRF-87257. The guidelines incorporated in the AIR are the general consensus values of knowledgeable professionals. However, the experience and judgment of engineers and operators responsible for the equipment must be relied upon to determine when the hydraulic fluid is to be replaced.
Standard

Degradation Limits of Hydrocarbon-Based Hydraulic Fluids, MIL-H-5606, MIL-H-6083, MIL-H-83282, and MIL-H-46170 Used in Hydraulic Test Stands

2001-03-01
HISTORICAL
AIR810C
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) presents data on normally accepted changes in physical properties and contamination levels for military hydraulic fluids used in hydraulic test stands. This information is of importance to all users of hydraulic test stands to assure the performance data obtained on these test stands for specific components will not be adversely affected by excessive changes in fluid properties or contamination levels. The data pertains to fluids conforming to specifications MIL-H-5606, MIL-H-83282, MIL-H-6063, and MIL-H-46170. The guidelines incorporated in the AIR are the general consensus values of knowledgeable professionals. However, the experience and judgement of engineers and operators responsible for the equipment must be relied upon to determine when the hydraulic fluid is to be replaced. This document is essentially a metric document with English units.
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