Validation of an FE Lower Limb Model for a Child Pedestrian by Means of Accident Reconstruction
Validation of a child FE model is a great challenge due to the lack of sufficient data for children. In their previous study, the authors have developed a methodology for validating a child FE model by reconstructing pedestrian accidents and comparing predicted and observed injuries. However, the study reconstructed only one accident case and more validation cases were needed for enhanced confidence of the estimated material property. The current study therefore reconstructed two additional child pedestrian accident cases. In addition, published 3–point bending test results of child long bones were also used for quantitative assessment of the material property. The accident cases were taken from the PCDS and CIREN databases. Based on the information from the accident data, a multi–body simulation and optimization procedure were used to identify impact conditions. The estimated impact conditions were used to simulate the accident cases using the FE model with failure criteria.