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Technical Paper

The Driver Steer Characteristics and Improvement of Vehicle Movement Performance at the Severe Lane Change with a Drift

I studied the driver steer characteristics in the severe lane change with a drift. And, I studied the technique by which the performance of running in the vehicle at the severe lane change with a drift was improved. It has been understood that the severe lane change with a drift is a steer proportional to the body slip angle unlike the grip running. Moreover, I have understood importance in the vehicle movement performance improvement the cornering force characteristic where the maximum cornering force of the tire was exceeded. Next, I have understood the differentiation steer assistance is more effective.
Technical Paper

Preferable Front and Rear Weight Distributions of a Formula Car

In general, the longitudinal position of the center of gravity of a vehicle has a great influence on lateral acceleration in critical cornering. Most rear-wheel-drive vehicles (front engine, rear-wheel drive) have a tendency to be over-steered because the driving power acts on the rear wheels, and so the forward weight distribution is large. As such, the vehicle has an under-steer tendency in this respect and an overall balance is achieved. On the other hand, because formula cars are very light compared to general vehicles, the used area of the vertical wheel load-maximum cornering force characteristic, differs greatly from general vehicles. That is, although general vehicles use a nonlinear area for the vertical wheel load-maximum cornering force characteristic of the tire, a comparatively light formula car uses an almost linear area in the vertical wheel load-maximum cornering force characteristic of the tire.
Journal Article

Effect of Three Controls (Camber Angle Control, Derivative Steering Assistance Control, and Inside-Outside Wheel Braking Force and Driving Force Control in Body Slip Angle Area

In this research, we examine the three controls inside-outside wheel braking force and driving force, camber angle, and the derivative steering assistance to determine how angle differences affect cornering performance and controllability. This is accomplished by comparing body slip angle area differences in a closed loop examination of the grip to drift area using a driving simulator. The results show that inside-outside wheel braking force and driving force control in the area just before critical cornering occurs has a significant effect on vehicle stability. We also clarified that controlling the camber angle enhances grip-cornering force, and confirmed that the sideslip limit could be improved in the vicinity of the critical cornering area. Additionally, when the counter steer response was improved by the use of derivative steering assistance control in the drift area exceeding the critical cornering limit, corrective steering became easier.
Technical Paper

Effect of Differential Steering Assist on Drift Running Performance

In this study, an effective technique for improving drift running performance was examined. Basically, a driver model with counter steering was examined with the assumption that the body slip angle, along with the body slip angle velocity, served as feedback. Next, the effectiveness of adding front wheel steer angle velocity feedback to steering angle compensation as a drift running performance improvement technique of a vehicle was analyzed.
Technical Paper

Cornering Control Model for Driver in Drift Cornering

In this study, a steering model and vehicle velocity control model were applied for a driver in drift cornering in order to maintain an intentional drift angle at the time of cornering. The driver was assumed to steer based on feedback from the body slip angle and the body slip velocity during drift cornering. It is found that the driver not only controls the drift angle at the time of the drift cornering but also controls the turn radius by changing vehicle velocity. Moreover, at the return from drift cornering to the straightaway, feedback is based on not only the body slip angle but also the body slip angle velocity, which is differentiated steer based on the phase is advanced.
Technical Paper

Consideration of Suspension Mechanism with High Cornering Performance for a Formula Car

In the cornering performance of a formula car, turning is performed at a considerably high level. However, few studies have investigated the control of the camber angle. Therefore, a mechanism that swings to the negative camber side of the suspension in cornering was examined in the present study. A swinging suspension member structure was assumed when a lateral force acted on the tires, and the momentary rotation center of the swing suspension member was controlled so that the direction of the swing would be to the negative camber side. As a result, compliance of the negative camber was achieved. The layout of a preferable mechanism was first determined by geometrical analysis. The negative camber angle obtained with this mechanism changes according to the length of the link for the fixation of the swing suspension member, the installation position, and the angle. The specifications for achieving a proper compliance negative camber were then clarified.
Technical Paper

Consideration of Effective Chassis Control in Electric Vehicle

In this study, we focus on “camber angle control” and “derivative steering assistance” using “steer-by-wire” as maneuverability and stability improvement techniques that are appropriate for the electric vehicle (EV) era. Movements that produce a negative camber angle generate camber thrust, and vehicle motion performance improvements extend from the fact that the tire side force is increased by the camber thrust effect. In our experimental vehicle, a proportional steering angle system was used to create negative camber angle control via an electromagnetic actuator that allowed us to confirm improvements to both the effectiveness and stability of steering control in restricted cornering areas. More specifically, we determined that it is possible to improve critical cornering performance by executing ground negative camber angle control in proportion to the steering angle.
Journal Article

Consideration of Critical Cornering Control Characteristics via Driving Simulator that Imparts Full-range Drift Cornering Sensations

A driving simulator capable of duplicating the critical sensations incurred during a spin, or when a driver is engaged in drift cornering, was constructed by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., and Hiromichi Nozaki of Kogakuin University. Specifically, the simulator allows independent movement along three degrees of freedom and is capable of exhibiting extreme yaw and lateral acceleration behaviors. Utilizing this simulator, the control characteristics of drift cornering have become better understood. For example, after a J-turn behavior experiment involving yaw angle velocity at the moment when the drivers attention transitions to resuming straight ahead driving, it is now understood that there are major changes in driver behavior in circumstances when simulator motions are turned off, when only lateral acceleration motion is applied, when only yaw motion is applied, and when combined motions (yaw + lateral acceleration) are applied.