Improved NOx Reduction Using Wiremesh Thermolysis Mixer in Urea SCR System
A compact, knitted, crimped wiremesh mixer disposed in the exhaust system of an internal combustion engine, between the reductant injection and the urea SCR unit, increases the uniformity of the reductant in the exhaust stream by the time the stream reaches the SCR catalysis unit. Wiremesh mixer enhances thermolysis of urea into ammonia and iso-cyanic acid (HNCO). Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modeling shows improved uniformity index from 0.94 to 0.99 within 35 mm travel length due to longitudinal and radial flow of the exhaust gas through the body of the wiremesh mixer. The higher thermolysis and rapid warm-up nature of the wiremesh provides enhanced ammonia production from urea thermolysis. Wiremesh physical attributes such as material composition, geometry and structure, wire diameter, mesh crimp pitch, crimp depth, crimp angle and the contour are optimized for minimum back pressure and maximum mixing efficiency.