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Technical Paper

Vehicle Inertial Parameters-Measured Values and Approximations

1988-11-01
881767
This paper describes an apparatus, called the Inertial Parameter Measurement Device (IPMD), which recently has been developed by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration at its Vehicle Research and Test Center. The IPMD measures the center of gravity height and the pitch, roll, and yaw moments of inertia of a vehicle. The first section of this paper describes the features, capabilities, limitations, and design of the IFMD. This is followed by a presentation of the vehicle parameters that have been measured by it, to date. The final section of the paper presents several commonly used, and one proposed, rules of thumb for estimating inertial parameters. Data from measurements made by the IPMD are used to show the validity of these rules. Curves obtained by fitting the measured data are also shown for the moments of inertia as functions of the vehicle weight.
Technical Paper

Hardware Evaluation of Heavy Truck Side and Rear Object Detection Systems

1995-02-01
951010
This paper focuses on two types of electronics-based object detection systems for heavy truck applications: those sensing the presence of objects to the rear of the vehicle, and those sensing the presence of objects on the right side of the vehicle. The rearward sensing systems are intended to aid drivers when backing their vehicles, typically at very low “crawl” speeds. Six rear object detection systems that were commercially available at the time that this study was initiated were evaluated. The right side looking systems are intended primarily as supplements to side view mirror systems and as an aid for detecting the presence of adjacent vehicles when making lane changes or merging maneuvers. Four side systems, two commercially available systems and two prototypes, were evaluated.
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