Theoretical and Experimental Studies of Electrospray for IC Engine
The objective of this work was to investigate the potential of the electrostatic atomization for its application in internal combustion engines. In this paper, a theoretical model for secondary breakup of charged droplets was established. The electric force reduces the surface tension of liquid, whereby atomization is promoted. To improve the diesel droplet atomization remarkably by means of electrostatic charge, the charge-mass ratio should be at least at the order of 10-6C/g. In the interest of the practical application conditions in internal combustion engines, the high-pressure injected electrospray was generated and investigated under various injection pressures and electric conditions. By means of the Photron high-speed camera, the special features of electrospray were observed. The micro-characters including the drop size distribution and the variance of the drop diameter in the spray front area were investigated.