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Technical Paper

“Phoenix”- A Polyester-Film Inflatable Man-Powered Aircraft

1984-02-01
840028
This paper describes some of the design solutions adopted in solving two major problems besetting man-powered aircraft in use: that of breakage and storage. It describes work leading up to the building and testing of “Phoenix”, a man-powered aircraft with a polyester-film inflatable wing. The paper deals mainly with aspects relating to the wing design and construction.
Technical Paper

“Optimization” of Lower Deck Cargo Systems

1988-05-01
880973
The ability to carry cargo efficiently in passenger aircraft has influenced airline economics to the point that optimisation of the freight capacity is mandatory. This document discusses the alternative loading possibilities in defined Lover Deck Compartments and their doors to cater for current and future trends in ULD dimensions. As a result items for study centred on: 1) Optimisation of the available volumes Freight capacity resulting in the selection of “Pallets”-doors for both the Forward and AFT Compartments. Flexibility to meet Freight and Baggage requirements. Possible load arrangements to optimize aircraft C of G 2) Bulk Cargo Compartment Additional LD3 Container position in AFT/Bulk compartment to cater for an uneven number of Baggage container, allowing the carriage of an additional pallet. What is regarded as an optimum is presented.
Technical Paper

“Herschel-Quincke Spiral” A New Interference Silencer

2003-05-05
2003-01-1722
Over the last ten years there has been a steady growth in the market share of light-duty diesel engines, especially in Europe. At the same time, a general trend in petrol engine development has been seen, in which normal aspirated engines are being replaced by downsized turbocharged engines. Therefore, NVH engineers have to deal with new challenges. Turbochargers produce an aerodynamic noise in the frequency range above 1000Hz, which might influence the exterior and interior noise level. As a result, the additional requirement for acoustical components to reduce this flow noise is going to pose an increasing challenge for air intake system suppliers. This paper describes a new design of well-known wide band silencer first mentioned by A. Selamet, N.S.Dickey and J.M.Novak [1,2]. The silencer works according to the interference principle. The sound is guided into two or more parallel pipes of different lengths.
Technical Paper

“Dynamic Analysis of Cabin Tilting System of Heavy Trucks Using ADAMS-View for Development of a Software Interface for Optimization”

2008-10-07
2008-01-2683
Design of a Cabin Tilting System of heavy trucks, a multi degree of freedom mechanism, is a challenge. Factors like adequate tilting angle, cabin styling, packaging, non interference of tilting system with ride comfort, forces in the system, specifications of the hydraulic system, are all very important for designing the system. Numerous considerations make the design process highly iterative hence longer design time. This paper primarily focuses on Kinematics and Dynamic analysis of the system in ADAMS and validation of system with real time testing results. Intention of this work is to make a parametric ADAMS model and link it to a Knowledge Based Engineering application to facilitate designer to quickly carry out design iterations for reducing development time. The Knowledge Based Engineering software is made using object oriented language called ‘Object Definition Language’ which has been developed using C and C++ software languages.
Technical Paper

‘Almost’ Real-Time Diagnosis and Correction of Manufacturing Scrap Using an Expert System

1987-04-07
870905
This paper describes preliminary findings on an expert system that uses both operator and transducer inputs in ‘almost’ real-time to diagnose scrap type and recommend corrective action to reduce/eliminate further production of this scrap type. During the development of the expert system, equal consideration was given to hardware installation and debugging; system architecture, logic, and triggering; and knowledge acquisition. The system is applied to a specific manufacturing process; however, the ideas are applicable to a wide range of problems in the production environment.
Technical Paper

Zero-Gravity Testing of a Waste Management System

1969-02-01
690644
This paper describes the testing of a waste management system designed and fabricated for use in a space vehicle. The system provides for the collection and inactivation of urine, feces, emergency diarrheal disorders, vomitus, and debris; the volumetric determination of each micturition; and onboard storage of the inactivated wastes within the waste management system compartment. The zero-gravity test program conducted in a KC-135 aircraft provided the primary verification of the performance of the waste collection and urine volume determination functions prior to actual space flight. The test hardware simulated the actual system to a high degree of fidelity with respect to operational characteristics of the airflow required in collection, mechanical functions and system pressure differentials, in order to minimize simulation errors.
Technical Paper

Zero-Delay Light-Off - A New Cold-Start Concept with a Latent Heat Storage Integrated into a Catalyst Substrate

2007-04-16
2007-01-1074
This study aims at a new concept for a fast catalyst light-off in combining a latent heat storage with a catalyst. The arrangement of a latent heat storage device into the exhaust system offers significant benefits for the catalyst light-off. Different arrangements have been examined. The first arrangement, called the sequential arrangement, comprises a latent heat storage device and a subsequent catalyst. This offers a significantly faster heat up of the catalyst compared to the standard arrangement. By that emissions during the cold start phase can be significantly reduced. The setup of the latent heat storage device is designed for a high heat transfer between storage material and the exhaust gas. A second integrated arrangement of a latent heat storage and a catalyst into one common substrate has also been set up and investigated. The main advantage of this arrangement is that the catalyst itself is kept on its operation temperature during the engine off time.
Technical Paper

Zero Gases for Emission Monitoring - Production, Storage, Treatment and Usage

2002-10-21
2002-01-2712
Increasingly stringent emission levels require better quality facility gas supplies to enable more precise measurements at low levels and reduce variation in test results. The transient and steady state quality of the “zero gas” used in analyzer calibration will directly affect the level of the readings, while variation in the “zero gas” over time will increase the number of tests needed to meet statistical requirements. Facility zero gas supplies for air and nitrogen, at a minimum, require careful evaluation to confirm that the required gas quality is delivered to the test equipment for the desired instrument accuracy. To move from LEV or ULEV to SULEV analysis, a change in methodology of zero gas generation, delivery and handling may be needed to achieve the desired measurement accuracy and repeatability. Traditional tubing, fittings and handling methods can not only limit the possible gas quality, but also contribute to variation.
Technical Paper

Yields Of Salad Crops Grown Under Potential Lunar Or Mars Habitat Environments: Effect Of Temperature And Lighting Intensities

2006-07-17
2006-01-2029
Growth Temperatures And Lighting Intensity Are Key Factors That Directly Impact The Design, Engineering, And Horticultural Practices Of Sustainable Life-Support Systems For Future Long-Term Space Missions. The Effects Of Exposure Of Lettuce (Cv. Flandria), Radish (Cv. Cherry Bomb Ii). And Green Onion (Cv. Kinka) Plants To Controlled Environment Temperatures (Constant Day/Night Temperature Of 22, 25, Or 28 °C) And Lighting Intensities (8.6, 17.2, Or 25.8 Mol M−2 D−1 Photosynthetic Photon Flux [Ppf]) At Elevated Co2 (1200 µMol Mol−1) Was Investigated To Ascertain Overall Yield Responses. Following 35 Days Growth, The Yields Of Lettuce Indicated That Increasing The Growing Temperature From 22 To 28°C Slightly Increased The Edible Fresh Mass Of Individual Plants. However, Even Though Lettuce Plants Grown Under High Ppf Had The Highest Fresh Mass, The Resultant Increase In The Incidence And Severity Of Tipburn Reduced The Overall Quality Of The Lettuce Head.
Standard

Wiring, Positioning, and Support Accessories

2015-10-01
CURRENT
AS23190C
AS23190 is a procurement specification that covers a series of plastic and metal components and devices used for the tying, positioning, and supporting cable, cable assemblies, wire, and wire bundles in electrical, electronic and communication equipment, and in interconnection systems.
Standard

Wiring, Positioning, and Support Accessories

2010-05-12
HISTORICAL
AS23190A
AS23190 is a procurement specification that covers a series of plastic and metal components and devices used for the tying, positioning, and supporting cable, cable assemblies, wire, and wire bundles in electrical, electronic and communication equipment, and in interconnection systems.
Standard

Wire, Steel Welding, 2.0Cr - 10Ni - 8.0Co - 1.0Mo - 0.02Al - 0.06V (0.10 - 0.14C), Vacuum Melted, Environment Controlled Packaging

1983-10-01
HISTORICAL
AMS6465A
This specification has been declared “NONCURRENT” by the Aerospace Materials Division, SAE, as of July 2009. It is recommended, therefore, that this specification not be specified for new designs. “NONCURRENT” refers to those specifications which have previously been widely used and which may be required for production or processing of existing designs in the future. The Aerospace Materials Division, however, does not recommend these specifications for future use in new designs. “NONCURRENT” specifications are available from SAE upon request.
Standard

Wire, Steel Welding, 2.0Cr - 10Ni - 8.0Co - 1.0Mo - 0.02Al - 0.06V (0.10 - 0.14C), Vacuum Melted, Environment Controlled Packaging

1975-09-15
HISTORICAL
AMS6465
This specification has been declared “NONCURRENT” by the Aerospace Materials Division, SAE, as of July 2009. It is recommended, therefore, that this specification not be specified for new designs. “NONCURRENT” refers to those specifications which have previously been widely used and which may be required for production or processing of existing designs in the future. The Aerospace Materials Division, however, does not recommend these specifications for future use in new designs. “NONCURRENT” specifications are available from SAE upon request.
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