A 2-Dimensional Simulation Model for a Diesel Particulate Filter
The paper presents a 2-dimensional model for the calculation of the regeneration process in a wall flow diesel particulate filter. The model includes heat transfer by conduction and convection, a model for particle combustion based on diffusive burning of individual particles, and flow through the channels and across the filter walls. It was found that only the pressure drop across the walls need be considered for normal regeneration conditions. Comparisons between model predictions and experimental results for spatial dependent temperature time histories, and integrated degree of regeneration are used to validate the model. The validations were carried out for a series of severe regenerations, where there are large changes in flow and temperature throughout the process. Relative magnitudes of energy flows due to combustion, convection, and conduction are presented, as well as parametric studies of the effects of temperature, oxygen concentration and soot loading.